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RJOAS: Russian Journal of Agricultural and Socio-Economic Sciences

ISSN 2226-1184 (Online)

RJOAS is awarded the DOAJ Seal of Approval for Open Access Journals!

ISSUE 6(78), June 2018

Full-cover issue: PDF, 18.4 Mb (download)

Table of Content

Komarek L.

  • HUNGARIAN FOREST MANAGEMENT TENDENCIES AT THE BEGINNING OF THE XXI CENTURY; pp. 7-18
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.01

Abstract and key words:

  • Today, the forest is a key element of natural resources, the most complex natural (ecological) system in the continent. Because of its environmental impact, it is also a vital condition for healthy human life. In addition to its dominant role in regulating the quantity and quality of waters, the forest defines the nature of the landscape, preserves the richness of wildlife species and, being a renewable natural resource, continuously improves the state of the environment, while producing raw materials, energy sources and food. The present area and condition of forests have evolved over centuries of human activity. Due to their territorial fragmentation and the environmental damage forests are exposed to, we can only count on the indispensable survival, protective effect and products (yields) of forest communities if we treat them professionally and protect them from damaging effects, excessive use and stress, ensuring the diversity and appropriate harmony of their flora and fauna. The forest area of Hungary has grown dynamically over the last decades, however, in the European Union, we are one of the countries with less favourable indicators in this field. This study deals with the current issues of forest management in Hungary (forest area, forest land proportion, forest-tree supply, afforestation, forest health, logging) focusing on the direction and extent of positive and negative changes in this field.
  • Forest area, forest land proportion, forest-tree supply, afforestation, forest health, logging, Hungary.

Kaesorry M.D., Hakim A., Mardiyono, Makmur M.

  • POLICY EVALUATION ON SECURITY TREATY (THE LOMBOK TREATY) BETWEEN REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA AND AUSTRALIA; pp. 19-32
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.02

Abstract and key words:

  • Bilateral cooperation on security treaty and other treaties in any form must be based upon trust among parties involved. The inter-trusted sense will be easier to be developed if those parties having some similarities especially in their cultural dimensions. On the contrary, if the two countries having significant differences, such as culture, history, level of social development, economic and technological developments it would be difficult to build the sense of trust and respect with each other. The study on the entire focus of research used a qualitative approach, through in-depth-interview techniques and documentation of secondary data in the data collection process. Then the data were analyzed using the interactive model. So, policy implementation performance in the form of bilateral cooperation between heterogeneous countries in many aspects will be determined by answering the question to what extent is one country’s people able to perceive positively toward the other country’s people. The result of this research are; first, the process of drafting the bilateral security cooperation policy that produces a particular product policy, influenced by three factors such as: the policy base used in the process of drafting the policy, actors involved in the process of developing policy, and bargaining positions of related country upon other countries. Second, the success of bilateral security policy process determined by the perspectives or meaning that is given to the policy substance and the role of actors. Third, The impact of the bilateral security policy against a country not only military security, but also non-military security.
  • Bilateral cooperation, security treaty, policy evaluation, Indonesia, Australia, Lombok.

Karno

  • THE AUTOREGRESIVE DISTRIBUTION LAG MODEL TO APPROACH BILATERAL TRADE OF INDONESIA-CHINA; pp. 33-45
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.03

Abstract and key words:

  • The main objective of this research is to study the chances and obstacles of bilateral trade of China and Indonesia by using the Autoregressive Distribution Lag (ARDL) model approach. The time series data is used to estimate and evaluate empirical results based on annual data from 1987 to 2014. This is also to test the chances and obstacles of bilateral trade between Indonesia and China. The results show those market size and currency exchange rates are bilateral trade opportunities of Indonesia – China where the factors have significant influence in bilateral trade between Indonesia and China.
  • ARDL Model, Bilateral Indonesia-China, market, trade.

Sitepu M.F., Sjarkowi F., Yunita, Sari S.N.

  • CHAYANOV’S SYNDROME AS FACED BY ‘BAP’ AGRIBUSINESS CORPORATION AND THE PEASANT COMMUNITIES LIVING IN AND NEARBY THE FORESTRY ESTATE CONCESSION; pp. 46-52
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.04

Abstract and key words:

  • The survival of the fittest apparently applies in stages of agribusiness development. What had become concern of Chayanov during pre-communist era in Rusia as being highlighted by D. Thorner (1966) for its relevance in the world of today, it has also become serious matter within economic life of modern Indonesia. The same concern given by the Government of Indonesia (GOI) has been clearly implied by the enactment of the Act #23/1997 and Act #25/2007 coined with Act #40/2007, which have to be responded by every large scale company. Among others is PT-BAP, an industrial forestry company established in 2004 acting as supplier to pulp & paper company that exist already in Sumatra but lack of raw material. This paper is based on a research work in 2017 that was aimed at examining the effectiveness of GOI policy on mandatory CSR viewed from the stand point of large scale company that gave response to the regulation by allocating fund for empowering people living in the surrounding. There were 3-objectives of the study: 1) How successful was the CSR program while facing which policy constraints and being supported by which conducive determining factors?; 2) What kind of benefits and how much financial gain particularly that the CSR could generate annually for the peasant community?; 3) What potential problems that might lead to which social conflict, should the CSR program become actually failed or non-existence? The research findings revealed that the CSR program launched by PT-BAP has so far been warmly accepted by the targeted people although not much significant achievement in terms of additional income that could be obtained by them each year since 2015. Several technical constraints and social hindrances existed, against which some strategic improvement in extension service and innovative business process must be introduced. Otherwise, the so called social entropy (psychological, ecological, economic and cultural entropies) would sooner or later bring social disputes to the company causing socio-anthropological disturbance to the industrial forestry agribusiness. Serious attention must be given in order to avoid Chayanov syndrome.
  • Chayanov syndrome, socio-entropy, forestry, agribusiness.

Apituley M.R.

  • THE EFFECT OF RUPIAH EXCHANGE RATE AND INFLATION RATE TOWARDS COMPOSITE STOCK PRICE INDEX IN INDONESIA STOCK EXCHANGE; pp. 53-58
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.05

Abstract and key words:

  • This study aims to examine the relationship between the rupiah exchange rate and inflation rates on CSPI in Indonesia Stock Exchange. The data used are secondary data of Rupiah exchange rate toward US Dollar and inflation rate data obtained from Bank Indonesia publication through www.bi.go.id website and movement data of CSPI through website www.finance.yahoo.com. Determination of the sample based on monthly time series data period December 2011 - January 2014 by using the method of saturated samples, i.e. as many as 48 samples. The data obtained were analyzed by multiple linear regression approaches. There was a negative influence of inflation rate on CSPI for the period of December 2011 - January 2014 with the regression coefficient of 0.279; the negative value indicates that there is a negative correlation of inflation rate to CSPI. While the relationship between the Rupiah exchange rate To CSPI showed a positive relationship with the regression coefficient of 0.888.
  • Rupiah exchange rate, inflation rate, composite stock price index, prices.

Acquah De-Graft H.

  • RANK-BASED ESTIMATION FOR COBB-DOUGLAS MODELLING IN THE PRESENCE OF OUTLIERS; pp. 59-65
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.06

Abstract and key words:

  • Ordinary least square (OLS) has been widely used in estimating the Cobb-Douglas production function when analysing the empirical linkage between inputs and outputs. However, the estimates based on OLS technique may be biased by the presence of outliers. Rank-based regression estimation is resistant to outliers and may result in unbiased estimates. The objective of this study is therefore to investigate by use of Monte Carlo methods, the performance of the Rank-based regression and OLS methods in estimating the Cobb-Douglas regression model using data with and without outliers. Monte Carlo simulation results indicate that the estimates of the coefficients of the Cobb-Douglas regression model derived from the Least Squares and the Rank-based estimation methods are accurate and equivalent or close to their true values for normal data regardless of variability in sample size. For data with outliers, Least Squares method is affected by outliers and yields inaccurate estimates of the coefficients of the Cobb-Douglas model across various sample sizes. Rank-based estimation remains robust to outliers in large samples and provides estimates of the coefficients of the Cobb-Douglas Regression model that are accurate and nearly equivalent to their true values. The evidence from Monte Carlo experimentation suggests that the proposed Rank-based estimation is likely to do no worse than the OLS with normal dataset and promise to do better when the dataset has outliers within the Cobb-Douglas production function modelling context. The presence of outliers can bias the results of the OLS estimation of the Cobb-Douglas model and it is recommended that the use of Rank-based regression can be an appropriate method to avoid such biased estimates.
  • Monte Carlo simulation, rank-based regression estimation, Cobb-Douglas production function, ordinary least squares estimation, outlier.

Rachman H.A., Soewarno N., Isnalita

  • ANALYSIS OF PROFITABILITY, MARKETING ACTIVITIES AND E-COMMERCE IMPLEMENTATION ON FIRM VALUE: EVIDENCE FROM INDONESIAN CONSUMER GOODS LISTED COMPANIES IN 2014-2016; pp. 66-74
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.07

Abstract and key words:

  • The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of profitability, marketing activities, and E-commerce implementation on firm value of consumer goods industry sector which’s listed in Indonesia stock exchanges in 2014-2016 periods. The firm's value in this study is measured by using Tobin's Q ratio whereby it is the best predictor used to measure firm value and can be used to explain the financial condition of the firm and market conditions. The results showed that profitability and marketing activities had a positive significant effect on firm value while the e-commerce implementation had a negative non significant effect on firm value.
  • Profitability, marketing activities, e-commerce, firm value.

Indriyani N.M.V., Putri I.A.D., Suardikha I.M.S., Wirajaya I.G.A.

  • THE EFFECT OF GOOD CORPORATE GOVERNANCE AND TRI HITA KARANA CULTURE ON THE QUALITY OF FINANCIAL REPORTING; pp. 75-84
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.08

Abstract and key words:

  • This study examines the effect of Good Corporate Governance (GCG) and Tri Hita Karana (THK) Culture on the Quality of Financial Reporting conducted on money changer in Badung Regency. The analysis technique used in this research is multiple linear regression analysis. This study only got questionnaires that returned as much as 82% of the questionnaires distributed in 88 companies. The questionnaire was filled by the respondents of the study consisting of owner, manager, accounting and teller. Based on data from the questionnaire, the researched conclusions are obtained that support the hypothesis, where H1 accepted which means GCG positively affect the quality of financial reporting. Likewise, H2 is accepted which means THK culture has a positive influence on the quality of financial reporting.
  • Good corporate governance, tri hita karana culture, financial reporting, company.

Rahayu S.I., Ludigdo U., Irianto G., Prihatiningtias Y.W.

  • GOVERNANCE AND ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE: AN ETHNOGRAPHIC STUDY ON INDONESIAN POLITICAL PARTY; pp. 85-94
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.09

Abstract and key words:

  • The objectives of this research were to understand and describe the essence of Good Party Governance (PGP) in Prosperous Justice Party (PKS) based on its culture. That research goals were achieved using interpretive paradigms as Spradley's ethnography foothold and method with advanced gradual research flows. The reason to choose PKS as the research object was according to the result of ICW’s study, PKS has the best governance among political parties of general election attendee in 2014. Research informants were representative from the Majelis Syuro (religious council), the Central Advisory Assembly, the Sharia Council Center, and the Council of Central Committee amounted to 8 people. The results revealed that the spirit of Ihsan as GPG essence in PKS, which is performing a duty as well, as beautiful, and as perfect as possible as a form of faith and love to Allah the God Almighty. PKS applied the ihsan spirit to the party governance by establishing the foundation and elements of GPG: Party Paradigm, Basic Philosophy of Struggle, Policy Principles and Development Policy Platform, Management System of Dakwah Party, Strategic Planning (Renstra), and Annual Working Plan Budget. According to the research result, in the theoretical realm it functions as the development of good governance concept in political parties, in the practical realm it functions as a comparison of good governance practice in political parties and in the policy realm it functions as a matter of consideration by the government in reviewing and improving the rules related to Good Party Governance.
  • Good governance, political parties, ethnography, ihsan.

Pratiwi N.P.D.K., Sulhaini, Rinuastuti B.H.

  • THE EFFECT OF ENVIRONMENTAL KNOWLEDGE, GREEN ADVERTISING AND ENVIRONMENTAL ATTITUDE TOWARD GREEN PURCHASE INTENTION; pp. 95-105
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.10

Abstract and key words:

  • This study aims to determine the effect of environmental knowledge and green advertising on environmental attitudes and green purchase intention, and the effect of environmental attitude toward green purchase intention of Starbucks consumer in Mataram City. The research method used is quantitative with causal associative approach. Data collection using questionnaires distributed to 170 Starbucks consumers in Lombok Epicentrum Mall with convenience sampling technique. Analysis method used Path analysis. The research findings show that environmental knowledge and green advertising have a positive and significant effect on environmental attitude and green purchase intention; and environmental attitude have a positive and significant effect on green purchase intention. Increased public awareness of environmental knowledge and positive attitudes increases the chance of Starbucks to create environmentally-based products.
  • Environmental knowledge, green advertising, environmental attitude, purchase intention.

Fajri D.A.

  • DOES SPIRITUALITY AT WORK HAS AN IMPACT ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PASSION AND INNOVATIVE BEHAVIOR OF EMPLOYEE? pp. 106-111
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.11

Abstract and key words:

  • The aim of this study is to determine the influence of work passion and spirituality at work on the innovative behavior of the employee. This research uses a quantitative research method which involves ninety-four respondents spread evenly throughout SMEs and Islamic cooperatives in Malang, East Java, Indonesia. The quantitative method was conducted by giving questionnaires to respondents. There are three measuring instruments used in this study, namely, work passion that has a reliability value of 0.735, spirituality at work with a reliability value of 0.937, and employee’s innovative behavior by 0.789. The first regression test showed a value of 0.290 or 29%. This means that there is a correlation between the variable of work passion on innovative behavior. On the other hand, the second regression test revealed that the previous result has increased to 0.293 or 29.3%. By looking at these results, it can be concluded that the presence of spirituality at work (moderating variables) is able to strengthen the relationship between work passion and innovative behavior of SMEs and Islamic cooperatives in Malang.
  • Work, behavior, employee, SME, spirituality.

Muhsin A., Darpito S.H., Siswanti Y.

  • COMMUNITY-BASED POVERTY ALLEVIATION USING PARTICIPATORY RURAL APPRAISAL; pp. 112-118
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.12

Abstract and key words:

  • People living in mountainous and rural areas are more vulnerable to living in poverty due to many factors. This is shown by the high poverty rate in the BPS data and GAKIN (Poor Family) list. Most farmers and laborers are people living in rural areas. The financial condition of the farmers and laborers is considered worse than other communities (the more poor of the poor). Poverty alleviation and community empowerment programs set by the government for the past decades are proven to be not entirely successful and not as expected, followed by many failures in implementing the programs. It was because the empowerment model was Top Down, from the government to the people with pre-determined criteria which are standard and not based on situations, conditions, and occupations of the program target communities. This study aimed to get a community empowerment model which is right on target, based on criteria approach directly explored from the program target communities. The resulting Participatory Rural Appraisal method produces village social condition or village map which shows the potentials, problems, opportunities, and strengths of the community to be the basis for problem solving, program planning, achievement and joint monitoring consistent with their potential and ability.
  • Participatory rural appraisal, the poor, village map, poverty.

Dwija Putri I.G.A.M.A., Ulupui I.G.K.A.

  • THE INFLUENCE OF PARTICIPATIVE BUDGETING ON BUDGETARY SLACK WITH LOCAL CULTURE AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE AS THE MODERATORS: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY ON RURAL BANKS (BPRS) IN BALI; pp. 119-128
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.13

Abstract and key words:

  • This research is aimed at revealing the moderation of good corporate governance and Tri Hita Karana as a local culture on the relation of participative budgeting towards budgetary slack. The research population is the rural banks in Bali province. The data are analyzed by using Moderated Regression Analysis. The results provide empirical evidence suggesting that corporate governance can moderate the relationship of participative budgeting towards budgetary slack, whereas the Tri Hita Karana culture shows no evidence of influence that can moderate the relationship of participative budgeting and budgetary slack.
  • Сorporate governance, Tri Hita Karana, local culture, budgeting, budgetary slack.

Choiri

  • THE IMPLEMENTATION OF VILLAGE FINANCE MANAGEMENT AT PORONG SUB-DISTRICT IN SIDOARJO REGENCY TO ACHIEVE "GOOD GOVERNANCE"; pp. 129-137
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.14

Abstract and key words:

  • Finance management system of Porong sub-district in Sidarjo regency is recently accordance with the procedure of good governance principle. The plan, implementation, administration, report, and responsibility of the management are already well organized. Unfortunately, there are several aspects that violate the regulation of constitution. The lack of transparency and accountability of village governance become major problem while maintaining the system, they just used the system to complete the procedure instead of following good governance principle. Thus good governance principle is still not yet achieved at Porong sub-District.
  • Finance management, good governance, regulation of constitution, village governance.

Supartini K., Budiasih I., Suardikha I.M.S.

  • AN EMPIRICAL STUDY ON ACCEPTANCE OF TECHNOLOGY BASED INFORMATION SYSTEMS BY PROPERTY MANAGEMENT EMPLOYEES; pp. 138-150
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.15

Abstract and key words:

  • The purpose of this study is to know the effect of acceptance in the use of Micros Fidelio information system on Property Management employee using external factor, namely institution factor and individual factor using Technology Acceptance Model framework. The research model was made to verify fourteen hypotheses in modeling technology acceptance. The population in the study was permanent employees of property management companies consisting of hotel, villa and restaurant divisions. Since the population consists of divisions within a business unit, proportional sampling was used as the sampling technique. 115 respondents were used as samples within the period of December 2017 until January 2018, because the testing of Micros Fidelio information system began to be applied. Models and hypotheses will be tested and processed using PLS 3.0 software.
  • Management commitment, self efficacy, personal innovativeness, perceived usefulness, behavioral intention.

Simanjuntak S.W., Supriharyono, Haeruddin

  • ANALYSIS OF SUITABILITY AND CARRYING CAPACITY OF TOURISM IN TIDUNG ISLAND, KEPULAUAN SERIBU OF INDONESIA; pp. 151-159
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.16

Abstract and key words:

  • Tidung Island has the potential for the development of marine tourism area. Since 2009, the number of tourists visiting the area has been increasing every year. Without proper management, however, this condition might harm the surrounding ecosystem. This study aims to determine the suitability and carrying capacity of coastal tourism area in Tidung Island, Kepulauan Seribu. This study used the analyses of coastal tourism suitability index and carrying capacity of coastal area. The results showed the suitability index of the research locations was 94.05% with the carrying capacity of 180 tourists per day for the first location; the second location was 89.28% with the carrying capacity of 300 tourists per day; and for the third location was 94.05% with the carrying capacity of 60 tourists per day. The three research sites are categorized into very suitable in terms of the suitability as tourism spots.
  • Coastal tourism, site suitability, carrying capacity, ecology, Tidung Island.

Maulina E.

  • PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS OF CREATIVE INDUSTRY IN INDONESIA: A CRITICAL AND REFLECTIVE REVIEW; pp. 160-164
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.17

Abstract and key words:

  • Creative industry in some countries becomes the new economic locomotive. In Indonesia, creative industry is still being developed, and various problems still occur. This paper presents a thorough literature review to describe various problems faced by creative industry players. Solutions were designed based on the described problems. A favorable ecosystem for creative industries created by designing creative city/district is proposed as the solution toward the problems. This idea regards the fact that favorable ecosystem gives positive contribution to the creative industry which eventually improve the economy. This solution offers some benefits seen from the macro indicators including improvement in the export value, employment, forward and backward linkage from subsectors that become the focus of a city/district development.
  • Creative industry, business ecosystem, city plan, economy.

Irawan A., Firdias A., Mawardi M.K.

  • THE INFLUENCE OF FEAR APPEALS ON CUSTOMER'S MOTIVATION TO BUY CIGARETTES: SURVEY CONDUCTED TO JUVENILES AGED 13-19 YEARS OLD IN MALANG CITY; pp. 165-168
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.18

Abstract and key words:

  • This research aimed at partially and simultaneously describing the influence of fear, threat, and efficacy on customer's motivation to buy cigarettes. This research applied survey methodology with quantitative approach. The population of this research was a young smoker aged 13 until 19 years old in Malang City. The sample of this research amounted to 116 respondents and the technique applied was purposive sampling. The instrument chosen to carry out this research was a questionnaire in form of a question with Likert scale. Data analysis adopted to conduct this research was descriptive analysis, multiple regression, simultaneous test (F) and partial test (t). The research result revealed that: partially, fear (X1) variable had a positive but not significant influence on consumer's motivation to buy cigarettes (Y); threat (X2) variable had a negative and no significant influence on consumer's motivation to buy cigarettes (Y); variable of efficacy (X3) had a negative and no significant influence on consumer's motivation to buy cigarettes (Y). Simultaneously, fear (X1), threat (X2) and efficacy (X3) variable had no simultaneous influence on consumer's motivation to buy (Y). According to that result, fear is the one and only variable having positive value although very low.
  • Fear appeals, fear, threat, efficacy, motivation to buy cigarettes.

Kartono W.S., Syah T.Y.R., Pusaka S., Darmansah

  • BUSINESS STRATEGY ANALYSIS: AFTER SCHOOL PROGRAM AND DAYCARE OF "BUNNIES"; pp. 169-176
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.19

Abstract and key words:

  • Daycare and after-school program is highly needed by parents because it is an alternative for parents who do not have the time to educate, nurture children and the needs of parents who want to socialize outside their working hours. The business of daycare and after-school programs that have been running have not fully utilized the technological system in accordance with the ages. Many of them still use conventional methods. Therefore, daycare and after school programs must have innovative new breakthrough in providing facilities for consumers. The business strategies discussed by the researcher include: business environment analysis, business strategy, canvas business model, human resource strategy, operational strategy, site selection and layout strategy, marketing strategy.
  • Business strategy, after school program, daycare, educational system.

Ania H., Hubeis A.V., Kuswanto S.

  • THE EFFECT OF TRAINING AND MOTIVATION ON EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE OF PT. ASURANSI XYZ; pp. 177-184
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.20

Abstract and key words:

  • The result of employee performance in PT Asuransi XYZ in 2014 is 63.38% of PT Asuransi XYZ’s employee acquire an excellent performance, therefore the performance drastically decreased in every year until 2016. Otherwise, the amount of employee that acquire deficient performance increase to 77.6% in 2014 to 2016. The growth of the employee performance is allegedly influenced by the motivation and training that provided by PT Asuransi XYZ to the employee. This causes the researcher intend to examine the influence of training and motivation toward the employee performance. This study uses quantitative approach with questionnaires that distributed to 116 employees with quota sampling method. The number of samples are from heads of division, heads of department, heads of section, and executors with the total 11 person, 20 person, 38 person and 47 person.The sample data is processed using LISREL application to analyze Structural Equation Modeling. The results of this study indicated that variables of training had a significant positive effect on employee performance, motivation had a positive and significant positive effect on employee performance, and training had a positive and significant effect on motivation. Training and motivation together had a positive significant effect on employee performance.
  • Employee performance, motivation, structural equation modeling, training.

Fadhilah M.F., Sukoharsono E.G., Nuzula N.F.

  • THE INFLUENCE OF CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE TO FIRM VALUE BY TAX AVOIDANCE AS INTERVENING VARIABLE; pp. 185-196
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.21

Abstract and key words:

  • This study examines the assessment of Indonesian companies on Corporate Social Responsibility and Corporate Governance on all samples of State-ownership Enterprise listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange. Analyze further whether these firms have changed tax avoidance activities since 2011-2015 when the Indonesian government enacted stricter auditing of tax regulation along with policy of company being responsibility to stakeholder in around companies. Our findings show that both corporate social responsibility and corporate governance are negatively significant associated with tax avoidance. These results indicate that policy of corporate responsibility can be influence policy of financial reporting through tax behavior. As we know many company will be considering lower tax costs to increase shareholder value through dividing profit after tax. Alongside company, government is also response through combining policy of tax and corporate responsibility in from a tax benefits, then companies and governments build and cooperate in creating a prosper public. Considering good corporate governance practice in every decision making will be facilitate company in planning tax policy by using tax benefits without harm government. We also report that corporate social responsibility can be increasing significantly firm value, because legitimate theories explain that by participating from the company to stakeholders, this will be increasing shareholder value. Another results is how corporate governance negatively affects significantly with firm value. This is signs that corporate governance in state-owned enterprise cannot be work well, because there is a lot of political interest regarding for taking policy in manage state-owned enterprise. Furthermore, our results suggest that firm arrange tax policy will get tax benefits through higher profit after tax, and then investor will be encouraged where the value of company will be increasing in the market.
  • Corporate social responsibility, corporate governance, firm value, tax avoidance, state-ownership enterprise.

Suhendri H., Triyuwono I., Mulawarman A.D., Baridwan Z.

  • EVIDENCE FROM INDONESIA: STILL MUDHARABAH FINANCING AND MICRO BUSINESS CONSIDERED A HIGH-RISK FINANCING SCHEME AND BUSINESS GROUP? pp. 197-205
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.22

Abstract and key words:

  • Mudharabah financing is basically a financing instrument proper partnership scheme in an effort to improve the class of micro business toward the small and medium business class. The results of NPF analysis and CAR ratios of sharia public banking from 2014 to 2017 show that the portion of mudharabah financing is still smaller than debt-based financing. Consumer financing murabahah NPF gives the largest contribution to the increase of total financing NPF.  In contrast, mudharabah financing NPF has a small contribution to the increase in total financing NPF. In the meantime, based on the use of funds and business groups, working capital financing NPF for MSMEs decreased. In contrast, working capital financing NPF for Non MSME has increased. The amount of NPF of investment financing for non-MSMEs is relatively the same as financing NPF of MSME investment. However, the average non-SME consumption financing NPF is greater than the NPF of working capital and investment financing NPF. So far, differences in business group criteria and the minimum financing ceiling set by sharia banks are an obstacle for micro entrepreneurs to access financing. CAR value of sharia banks until the end of 2017 is still within safe limits, as it is still quite far above 12%. Considering the financial performance as well as considering the resilience of micro businesses that have been tested during the 1997 and 2008 crises. They have important role as the main buffer of the real economy of Indonesia. All of these reasonable that their existence is taken into account and considered by policy makers and sharia public banks in the form of easy access to finance.
  • Sharia public banking; mudharabah financing; micro business, bank.

Handayani C., Nurrochmat D.R., Wijayanto H.

  • THE INFLUENCE OF BRANDING STRATEGY AND MARKET SHARE ON FORMING BRAND EQUITY OF MIE SEDAAP; pp. 206-217
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.23

Abstract and key words:

  • PT. Wings Foods is one of leading companies in Indonesia. In 2003, PT. Wings Foods released its flagship product in the field of food and beverage namely Mie Sedaap. The presence of Mie Sedaap was considered successful in instant noodle market and successfully managed to get its market segmentation. It also attained positive response of instant noodle consumers that a few years after its presence, Mie Sedaap was able to reach the second position of share market behind its biggest competitor, Indomie. Understanding the branding strategy is the right way to form the brand strength in the market and to lead the market share. This study discussed the influence of branding strategy and market share on forming brand equity and was conducted in Depok. The purposive sampling technique was used as the method of gathering non probability samples.
  • Branding strategy, market share, brand equity, instant noodles.

Suprayitno

  • GOOD GOVERNANCE IMPLEMENTATION TOWARDS SUB-DISTRICTS GOVERNANCE SERVICE: A CASE STUDY OF SIDOARJO DISTRICTS, INDONESIA; pp. 218-225
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.24

Abstract and key words:

  • The enactment of Law #25 of 2009 on Public Service brings great consequences for the government as a public service to the community. The quality of the public service is often regarded as a mirror of the quality of the bureaucracy in general. The public service is closely related to system, apparatus resources and more staple is the paradigm of thinking behind the process it given to community. The one of spearhead the public service to the community is village. This study attempted to describe the condition of conducting the current administration and see how the village government’s effort in implementing the principles of good governance in providing service to the community. The constraints of personnel / apparatus competence and disproportionally budget as well as a challenge for the village to remain able to provide service to the community in order to realize good governance.
  • Good governance, public service, village, government.

Paramitha T.Y.E., Irawan T., Maulana T.N.A.

  • ANALYSIS OF LIQUIDITY RISK EFFECT TOWARD PROFITABILITY OF STATE OWNED AND FOREIGN EXCHANGE NATIONAL PRIVATE COMMERCIAL BANKS IN INDONESIA; pp. 226-232
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.25

Abstract and key words:

  • This research aims to analyze liquidity risk effect toward profitability of State Owned and Foreign Exchange National Private Commercial Banks in Indonesia. The indicators of liquidity risk used in this research include loan to deposit ratio, liquidity gap and non-performing loan. In addition, the profitability used is return on assets. The samples used in this research are State Owned and Foreign Exchange National Private Commercial Banks. The data used in this research were obtained from the financial statements of each company on 2010-2016 periods. After passing through the purposive sample stage, the appropriate samples included 4 State Owned Banks and 8 Foreign Exchange National Private Commercial Banks. The analysis method used in this research is multiple regression analysis using E-views software 9. The findings showed that the loan to deposit ratio variable does not affect the profitability of State Owned Banks but has a positive and significant effect toward profitability of Foreign Exchange National Private Commercial Banks. In addition, liquidity gap variables have negative and significant effect on the profitability of State Owned and Foreign Exchange National Private. Non-performing loan variables also have negative and significant effect on the profitability of State Owned and Foreign Exchange National Private.
  • Liquidity risk, loan to deposit ratio, liquidity gap, non-performing loan, profitability of bank.

Aini F.A.N.

  • EFFECT OF AUDITORS’ COMPETENCE AND EFFORT ON AUDITOR PERFORMANCE TO THE USE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AS VARIABLE MEDIATION; pp. 233-243
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.26

Abstract and key words:

  • The pupose of this study is to determine whether there is influence between competence and effort to auditor performance with information technology usage as mediation variables. Objects in this study are the auditor who work in Kantor Akuntan Publik. Data were collected by questionnaire survey method. Primary data generated as much as 61 questionnaires can be processed using the Partial Least Square. Evaluation models in PLS is done by evaluating the outer and inner models. The results of this study indicate that the auditor's competence and effort had a positive influence on the performance of auditors, but the use of information technology is not a mediating variable between competence, effort auditor to auditor performance.
  • Competence, effort auditor, information technology, auditor performance.

Erlina Y., Syafrial, Koestiono D., Hanani N.

  • BEHAVIOR OF RUBBER FARM HOUSEHOLDS ON THE LABOR USAGE IN CENTRAL KALIMANTAN, INDONESIA; pp. 244-249
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.27

Abstract and key words:

  • The objectives of this research are to identify the business profile of rubber smallholders and labor in Kapuas Regency, Central Kalimantan, to examine decision pattern of farm households and influencing factors in the labor usage allocation in rubber farm households. The research location was determined purposively. The method of determining the sample used disproportionate stratified random sampling method. Total farmers as the respondents were 134 farm households. The first objective of the study was achieved using descriptive statistical analysis. The second objective was analyzed using two-stage least squares (2SLS) method. Data processing used Statistical Analysis System version 9.1 for Windows. The results of this study showed that the profile of labor usage in the households was more dominant in the rubber plantations and the allocation of labor usage was employing more productive labor in the family i.e. husbands, wives, and the working-age relative members living together in one household. Rubber price and total rubber production had a positive and significant influence on the behavior of male labor in the rubber plantations. Rubber price and a number of household members had a positive and significant influence on the behavior of female labor in the rubber plantations. However, the number of minors in the family had a negative and significant effect on the behavior of female labor in the rubber plantations.
  • Household economy, smallholders, male labor, female labor, labor allocation.

Triswanto E., Ratnawati T., Susanti N.

  • STRATEGY ANALYSIS OF SMALL-SCALE BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT OF LEATHER PRODUCTS IN SIDOARJO REGENCY OF EAST JAVA, INDONESIA; pp. 250-256
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.28

Abstract and key words:

  • Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises of East Java has contributed 54.34% to the total value of Gross Regional Domestic Product of the region. Various problems experienced by the leather processing industry located in Sidoarjo and Surabaya. These problems include management which includes poor accounting system and procedures, transaction recording is still done manually and do not have profit balance report. The purpose of this research is to know the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats faced by the leather craftsmen in Surabaya and Sidoarjo in the short and long term and to know how the participation of local government and related agencies in developing leather processing industry in these two locations.
  • Strategy, SWOT, small business, leather, revolution 4.0, innovation.

Chairani R., Achsani N.A., Sasongko H.

  • THE IMPACT OF DEMOGRAPHIC AND MACROECONOMY FACTORS THE NON-PERFORMING LOAN IN PROPERTY SECTOR; pp. 257-266
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.29

Abstract and key words:

  • There are various types of housing loans owned by Bank X, they have a risk of non-performing loans (NPL). For keeping the NPL ratio always good, bank have to do the process of analyzing the selection of good prospective borrowers. The aim of this study was to analyze the factors that affect the Non-performing loan of Bank X include demographics and macro-economy and to analyze the development of credit property at Bank X, period 2012 until 2016. The methods used are descriptive analysis and logistic regression, with secondary data from financial statements for five years from 2012 until 2016 in Bank X Indonesia branch Surabaya. The results showed that recent education of borrower has positive and significant effects on NPL with 0.031 for P value and 5.584 for odds ratio. Based on the results it is concluded that the recent education have a significant effect on the NPL because higher a person's education, the better the job will be obtained by the debtor, so that the impact on income will be higher and is expected to make the debtor can pay the loan smoothly.
  • Nonperforming loan, housing loans, macro-economy, demographics.

Diah Citraresmi S.A.A.S., Suardikha I.M.S.

  • INDONESIAN CAPITAL MARKET REACTION ON THE REGULATION OF THE MINISTER OF FINANCE CONCERNING TECHNICAL INSTRUCTIONS ON INFORMATION ACCESS FOR INTEREST OF TAXATION; pp. 267-274
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.30

Abstract and key words:

  • This study aims to determine whether there is a market reaction as a result of the announcement of Regulation of the Minister of Finance on Technical Guidelines on Access to Financial Information (PMK #73/PMK.03/2017). Market reactions in this study were measured using abnormal return. The level of significance of the abnormal return was tested by One Sample t-test. The results of this study indicate a negative abnormal return. This study sugest that government should respond by appealing and inviting the community to follow the Voluntary Asset Disclosure with Final Rate Program (PAS Final Program).
  • Financial information, event study, abnormal return, market reaction, regulation, tax.

Salle I.Z., Triyuwono I., Ludigdo U., Rosidi

  • THE CONCEPT OF ACCOUNTABILITY BASED ON THE VALUE OF ISLAMIC JUSTICE; pp. 275-281
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.31

Abstract and key words:

  • This study aims to find Islamic values that can be used to develop the concept of accountability. This research has employed bayani, burhani, and irfani as methods. This research was conducted at the Institute of Zakat in Indigenous Region of Ammatoa. The research found that the concept of accountability is based on the values of justice. This comprises three elements: justice divert mandate (amanah), justice in the conduct of amanah, and accounting for the value of justice in amanah.
  • Accountability, justice, bayani, burhani, irfani.

Griska C.T., Isnurhadi, Widiyanti M.

  • THE EFFECTS OF TANGIBILITY OF ASSETS AND NON-DEBT TAX SHIELD TOWARD CAPITAL STRUCTURE WITH PROFITABILITY AS INTERVENING VARIABLE OF MANUFACTURING COMPANIES REGISTERED AT INDONESIAN STOCK EXCHANGE; pp. 282-289
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.32

Abstract and key words:

  • This research was aimed to identify the effects of tangibility of assets and non-debt tax shield toward capital structure with profitability as intervening variable of manufacturing companies registered at Indonesian Stock Exchange. The samples of this study were 42 companies in manufacturing sector in the period 2012-2016. Samples were chosen by using simple random sampling method. The data was analyzed by using path analysis with the help of SPSS 23. The results of the research explained; tangibility of assets positively and significantly affected capital structure. Non-debt tax shield and profitability negatively and significantly affected capital structure. Tangibility of assets negatively and significantly affected profitability. Non-debt tax shield did not affect profitability. Profitability mediated tangibility of assets towards capital structure. Profitability was unable to mediate non-debt tax shield towards capital structure.
  • Tangibility of assets, non-debt tax shield, profitability, capital structure.

Suparningsih B., Tari D.M.R., Utomo F.C.

  • EFFECT OF STOCK PRICE, DEBT TO EQUITY RATIO, RETURN ON ASSET, EARNING PER SHARE, PRICE EARNING RATIO AND FIRM SIZE ON INCOME SMOOTHING IN INDONESIA MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY; pp. 290-297
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.33

Abstract and key words:

  • The study was conducted to observe the income smoothing on the manufacturing company listed on the Indonesian Stock Exchange. Income smoothing is capable to mislead investors in analyzing financial statements and mislead creditors in long-term loan decision making. The research object is manufacturing industry group, basic industry and chemical sector, cement sub-sector listed on BEI since 2005 - 2017. The research result exhibits that factors influencing the partial earnings are par value stock, debt to equity ratio, earnings per share and price earnings ratio. On the other hand, return on asset and firm size is not significant. All variables studied influences income smoothing.
  • Stock price, debt to equity ratio, return on asset, earning per share, price earning ratio, firm size, income smoothing.

Rahmawati, Zauhar S., Mardiyono, Santoso B.

  • THE MANAGEMENT POLICY OF ASPHALT BUTON MINE IN REFORMATION ERA IN THE POLITICAL ECONOMY PERSPECTIVE IN BUTON REGENCY OF INDONESIA; pp. 298-304
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.34

Abstract and key words:

  • The purpose of this research is to describe the management policy of Asphalt buton mine in Reformation Era in the political economy perspective of Buton Regency, Indonesia. Decentralization of mining management caused many problems, authority distribution in central and local government still keep many problems unsolved. Because of that, the government conducted intervention in giving mining license in Indonesia. State needed take action rationally in building business climate in Buton Regency, especially in asphalt buton mining sectors through rational policies.
  • Policy, asphalt mine, government, rent, regency, descriptive qualitative, reformation period.

Kartikaningrum L.

  • EFFECT OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP TRAINING TOWARDS ENTREPRENEURSHIP BEHAVIOR, BUSINESS MOTIVATION AND ORIENTATION; pp. 305-312
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.35

Abstract and key words:

  • This study aims to determine the effect of entrepreneurship training, entrepreneurship behavior, and business motivation towards entrepreneurship orientation in SMEs which became members of SMEs Training Center in Indonesia. This research was conducted with paradigm of quantitative research method, with sample amounted to 73 participants of SME training. The results of the study explain that all the relationships developed in this study have a significant effect. One of them is entrepreneurship training that has a significant effect on entrepreneurship orientation. The theoretical and practical benefits in this study emphasize on the study of entrepreneurship training of SMEs in developing countries important for continuous research.
  • SMEs, entrepreneurship training, entrepreneurship behavior, business motivation, entrepreneurship orientation.

Mahindrayogi K.T., Badera I.D.N.

  • INSTITUTIONAL OWNERSHIP CAPABILITY IN MODERATED DISCLOSURE EFFECT OF ENTERPRISE RISK MANAGEMENT, INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL, AND CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY ON FIRM VALUE; pp. 313-321
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.36

Abstract and key words:

  • This study aims to obtain empirical evidence of institutional ownership capability in moderated the effect on firm value. Population on this study are banking companies sector that listed in Indonesia Stock Exchange for 2012-23016. Non probability sampling use in this study as a sampling technique with purposive sampling method and get 30 companies as sample of this research. The results of empirical evidence showing that high value of institutional ownership able to strengthen the effect of intellectual capital disclosure on firm value.
  • Enterprise, risk, management, intellectual capital, corporate social responsibility, institutional ownership, firm value.

Yulianowarso R.

  • THE IMPLEMENTATION OF COMMODITY AND SERVICE PROCUREMENT BY VILLAGES IN SIDOARJO REGENCY, INDONESIA; pp. 322-328
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.37

Abstract and key words:

  • Law #6 of 2014 on Villages, furthermore referred to as the Village Law, is enacted effectively in 2015. This law covers, among others, the Status and Types of Villages, Village Arrangement, Village Authority, Village Governance, Village Roles and Villages and Rights Village, Finance and Village Assets, Rural Development, and Rural Area Development. The law states that villages are domiciled in the district / municipal territory consisting of Desa and Desa Adat or in accordance with the applicable mention in the local area. In order to organize the life of the nation, the government is required to promote the general welfare of the social justice for all of Indonesian. To achieve this, the government is obliged to provide for the people in various forms of goods, services, and infrastructure development. In addition, the government, in the implementation of government needs also goods services, for it needs of goods and services procurement. With this research shows that the authority of villages in implementing the procurement of goods and services aims to realize good governance in order to ensure the village administration is organized in accordance with the provisions of applicable legislation.
  • Goods, services, procurement, authority, village.

Supriyanto

  • THE LEGALITY OF GOVERNMENT ACTION IN AUDITING AND ASSESSING THE ACQUISITION VALUE OF ACQUISITION DUTY OF RIGHT ON LAND AND BUILDING; pp. 329-337
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.38

Abstract and key words:

  • The transfer of Customs Acquisition of Land and Building Rights from the central to the regional government based on Law #28 of 2009 provides an opportunity for the regions to increase local revenues. BPHTB has great potential for local tax revenues because property growth in Sidoarjo Regency is quite large. To increase the acceptance of BPHTB referred to the Government of Sidoarjo Regency to conduct inspection and assessment of Tax Objects Value of BPHTB by re-regulating the Procedure of Collection of Acquisition Levy of Land and Building Rights in Sidoarjo Regent Regulation #21 of 2017.
  • Authority, examination authority, revenue, land, buildings.

Anggreny C.C., Asmara A., Purnamadewi Y.L.

  • BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY OF STOCK FARMER COOPERATIVE OF SOUTH BANDUNG PANGALENGAN; pp. 338-345
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.39

Abstract and key words:

  • The purposes of this research are to identify and review internal and external factors in KPBS Pangalengan and to develop alternative strategies and priority strategies for business development in KPBS Pangalengan. Porter’s value chain approach was used to analyze internal factors and PEST approach was used to analyze external factors. The method used in this research is descriptive analysis. Analyzers used in this research are SWOT matrix and combination of Analytic Hierarchy Process. The result of the sequence of strategies leads to business development that is by inviting the investors to make investment in KPBS and building alliances with more Milk Processing Industry. Both strategies will motivate the stock farmers to be more enthusiastic in the maintenance process until the production process. Thus, it can improve the competitiveness of the stock farmers. After performing these two strategies, KPBS can run the following four strategies: conducting periodic discussions among stakeholders, creating human resources training and development, conducting integrated supervision, optimizing milk processing units, and resuming expansion strategy by cooperating with franchise stores and e-commerce.
  • Development strategy, milk cooperative, PEST analysis, SWOT, value chain.

Ramalaksana M., Sukmawati A., Hubeis A.V.S.

  • THE INFLUENCE OF PERSONAL VALUE AND WORK MOTIVATION ON EMPLOYEE ENGAGEMENT IN GENERATION Y; pp. 346-354
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.40

Abstract and key words:

  • Generational differences is an issue that has not been widely studied in Indonesia. Data from BPS (statistics indonesia) showed that Generation Y will be leading work force in the next few years. Generation Y has different characteristic, work value, behaviour from former generations. The aim of this study to analyze personal value and work motivation on employee engagement in Generation Y. The study was conducted by online survey in Indonesia. The data of this study was collected through a questionnaire to 351 respondents of Generation Y. Structural Equation Modeling results showed that there is significant differences between personal value and work motivation, personal value and employee engagement, work motivation and employee engagement. The results showed employee engagement on Generation Y can be increased by increasing work motivation and personal value.
  • Personal value, work motivation, generations, employee engagement.

Indraswari I.G.A.P., Suputra I.D.G.D.

  • EFFECT OF APPLICATION OF GOOD GOVERNANCE, GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTING STANDARDS AND APPARATUS ON QUALITY OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS; pp. 355-362
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.41

Abstract and key words:

  • The aim of this study is to obtain empirical evidence on the influence of good governance implementation and quality of apparatus on the quality of financial statements in Badung regency. Data analysis is done with multiples linear regression model. The results of the research showed that the implementation of good governance affect the quality of financial statements, meaning that if good governance is applied well and consistent then quality of financial report will increase. The quality of the apparatus affects the quality of financial statements, meaning that if the apparatus has the competence and good experience the quality of financial statements will increase.
  • Good governance, government, accounting standards, staff, financial statements.

Pandunita T.N.

  • EFFECT OF INVESTMENT IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND FIRM SIZE ON FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE; pp. 363-368
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.42

Abstract and key words:

  • The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of IT investment and firm size on the performance of the company either simultaneously or partially. This study uses 68 samples of manufacturing companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange period 2013-2016 obtained from purposive sampling technique. The analysis method used is multiple linear regression analysis. Result of research indicate that IT investment influence to financial performance while firm size have no effect.
  • Financial performance, return on equity, IT investment, information system, firm size.

Wardhani A.D.K., Daryanto A., Djohar S.

  • ANALYSIS OF «ON-FARM» LEVEL EFFICIENCY ON BROILER CHICKEN COMMODITY IN WEST JAVA; pp. 369-378
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.43

Abstract and key words:

  • The rapid downstream industry with poultry consumption which is so large makes the upstream industries such as animal feed, breeding, and medicine in the country has a promising business opportunity for companies engaged in animal husbandry. However, in fact, people's breeding which is more numerous than large manufacturers are now starting to get rid of because they do not use modern technology and investment constraints. The purpose of this research is to analyze the technical efficiency of the broiler business and to identify the factors that influence the technical efficiency of broiler business in West Java province. To answer these problems, the researcher conducts a direct survey to the location of breeders and uses stochastic frontier analysis for data processing. The result of analysis by using Stochastic Frontier Cobb-Douglass regression method with decreasing of MLE function shows that some inputs which have real effects to broiler production are seed, feed, and also husk. Moreover, it is also seen that average mean efficiency of farmers in West Java is about 0.64 which means it is not efficient yet. It is also the impact of technical inefficiency factors such as age, education level, and breeding experience.
  • Technical efficiency, breeding, poultry, broiler, stochastic frontier.

Nendissa D.R., Anindita R., Hanani N., Muhaimin A.W.

  • DYNAMICS OF DEGREE OF BEEF CATTLE MARKET CONCENTRATION IN KUPANG OF EAST NUSA TENGGARA, INDONESIA; pp. 379-384
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.44

Abstract and key words:

  • Beef cattle is a strategic commodity, economically, socially and culturally for the people of Nusa Tenggara Timur and Indonesia. This the study aims to measure the dynamics of the degree of market concentration of beef cattle sales in Kupang, Nusa Tenggara Timur for 2014-2017. The results show the dynamics of the concentration of beef cattle market is relatively moderate, shown by the consignment (CR4 and HHI) that fluctuate in 2014-2017. Fluctuating trends of market concentration indicates horizontal business integration between firms and have implications for price regulation by oligopoly, consequently an inefficient market. This research contributes to market participants and stakeholders, so the government's role in managing the marketing system of beef cattle is more efficient.
  • Beef cattle, market concentration, CR4, HHI, oligopoly.

Oedjoe R., Sunadji, Rebhung F.

  • DEVELOPMENT POLICY OF SEAWEED FARMING IN KUPANG DISTRICT OF EAST NUSA TENGGARA PROVINCE, INDONESIA; pp. 385-393
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.45

Abstract and key words:

  • This research aimed at analyzing policy alternative that can be conducted to increase seaweed farmer’s income. The method practiced in this research was a survey method; while the population was a household whose livelihoods were a seaweed farmer. Data analysis applied to answer the objectives of the research was policy simulation. The research result revealed that policy alternative that can be carried out as a priority of business development and to increase seaweed farmer’s household income includes : labor wage increase by 15%, one-year experience addition and thallus length addition by 15%; one-year experience addition, one-year education addition, and thallus length addition by 15%; labor wage increase by 15%, one-year-experience addition, one-year-experience addition and one-year-study addition; labor wage increase by 15%, one-year experience addition; one-year experience addition, one-year educational addition, and cleanliness rate addition by 5%.
  • Simulation, seaweed, farming, policy, development.

Didi L., Gani A.Y.A., Wijaya A.F., Mindarti L.I.

  • ROLE STAKEHOLDERS’ SOCIETY EMPOWERMENT IN CORAL REEFS CONSERVATION THROUGH CORAL REEF REHABILITATION AND MANAGEMENT PROGRAM IN BAHARI VILLAGE OF SOUTH BUTON REGENCY, INDONESIA; 394-402
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.46

Abstract and key words:

  • Role of stakeholders is very important in society empowerment process especially in coral reef conservation. This research studied role of stakeholder in society empowerment through coral reef rehabilitation and management program. Role of society in empowerment to conserve coral reef was more to participate in planning process however in implementation process the participation of people were still low and apathies. Role of laborers in society empowerment for coral reef conservation as facilitator, trainer and educator was maximal.
  • Stakeholders, community empowerment, coral reef rehabilitation, policy.

Saranga R., Arifin M.Z., Simau S., Kalesaran J.D.

  • SOME BIOLOGY ASPECTS OF OXEYE SCAD, SELAR BOOPS CAUGHT FROM BITUNG WATERS WITHIN MOLLUCCAS SEA OF INDONESIA; pp. 403-413
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.47

Abstract and key words:

  • Trevally species of oxeye scad, Selar boops is one of small pelagic species which an economic values. The species was exploited throughout the year by small-scale fishermen in Bitung waters using handline. The aim of this study was to determine some biological aspects of S. boops in Bitung waters area through measuring their lengths and weights, sex ratios, stages of oocyte, gonadosomatic index and type of spawning. Samples of fish were randomly collected each month at Bitung Oceanic Fishing Port during February 2016 to January 2017. Total samples of fish were used in this study 1659 consisting 841 male,
  • 754 female, and unidentified 64. Length at first maturity (Lm) was 16,3 cm (FL) and asymptotic length (L∞) was 26,4 cm (FL). The overall length-weight relationships were W=0,01136 * L3,1640 (R2=0,988) with a positive allometric growth. The sex ratios were balanced between males and females. The average of gonadosomatic index was 1.02 while the lowest and highest values was 0.03 and 6.96 with partial spawning type. Identification and genetic confirmation of S. boops using DNA-COI analysis.
  • Biology aspects, DNA-COI, Selar boops, marine species.

Zulyadi T.

  • NORMATIVE ANALYSIS ON INVESTMENT IN MARINE SECTOR OF INDONESIA; pp. 414-423
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.48

Abstract and key words:

  • As a maritime country, Indonesia has great potential for future energy interests. However, the natural resources of the marine sector have not been properly managed so that the existing potential becomes dormant. The government needs investors to support the development of marine sector. Indonesia's marine potential value is estimated to reach Rp 3,000 trillion, but only Rp 300 trillion can be cultivated. This imbalance requires cooperation between the parties in order to build the welfare of the nation. In the implementation, investment in Indonesia still leaves the problem of the surrounding community. Like a rejection of a company that does business. In certain cases, this conflict led to the cancellation of investment business from investors. The main support from community figures such as religious and cultural figures are important considering the ethnic, cultural and religious diversity of Indonesians. This study examines the normative analysis to see the opinion of both figures in investing in marine sector. Using a qualitative approach to get more in-depth results. The results show, there is no impact either culture or religion with investment. Cultural and religious figures actually advocated the importance of investment to support the realization of the welfare of society. However, investments carried out should not violate customary law and local beliefs.
  • Investment policy, marine sector, normative analysis, society, welfare.

Ninef J.S.R., Adrianto L., Dahuri R., Rahardjo M.F.

  • ASSESSMENT OF SMALL-SCALE FISHERIES MANAGEMENT USING ECOSYSTEM APPROACH TO FISHERIES MANAGEMENT INDICATORS IN SAWU SEA MARINE NATIONAL PARK, INDONESIA; pp. 424-432
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.49

Abstract and key words:

  • Ecosystem approaches to fisheries management are considered as an effective alternative at managing sustainable small-scale fisheries and supporting conservation program in Sawu Sea Marine National Park (Sawu Sea MNP); therefore, impelementation of EAFM in Sawu Sea MNP requires a strategic way. This present work aimed to evaluate current status of small-scale fisheries management using EAFM indicators. The evaluation results are then used for establishing the development strategies of sustainable small-scale fisheries using ecosystem approach in Sawu Sea MNP. The study was conducted in Rote Ndao, which is a sub region of Tirosa-Batek, Sawu Sea MNP. Data collection and analysis was performed according to EAFM assessment covering 30 indicators grouped into 6 domains. Based on evaluation of EAFM indicators, the composite value of small-scale fisheries management in Sawu Sea MNP ranged from 30.0 to 63.6 with the average value of 52.4. The value indicated that the state of small-scale fisheries management in Sawu Sea MNP was observed at medium level. Based on assessment of each domain, the economical domain was at bad level, while other domains (fish resource, habitat and ecosystem, fishing technology, social and institutional) were found at medium level. These our findings suggested that small-scale fisheries management in Sawu Sea MNP has not been managed optimally based on sustainable principles in EAFM indicators. Further improvement is addressed to economical domain in order to develop the small-scale fisheries management in Sawu Sea MNP.
  • Sawu Sea Marine National Park, small-scale fisheries, development, economy.

Arafat G., Fahlevi A.R., Widyasari F.

  • IDENTIFICATION OF GORGONIAN ISIS HIPPURIS (LINNAEUS 1758) POTENTIAL IN WATERS CONSERVATION AREA OF DAMPIER STRAIT RAJA AMPAT REGENCY OF INDONESIA; pp. 433-438
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.50

Abstract and key words:

  • Gorgonacea is a group of soft corals spread in Indo-Pacific waters and some other places, especially tropical areas. Soft corals are the second biggest component after hard corals. Sea Bamboo or Isis hippuris are one of the types of soft corals set as limited protected biota. Waters Conservation Area of Dampier Strait is 1 out of 8 conservation areas in the Raja Ampat regency. The purpose of this study is to know the distribution of sea bamboo in the Waters Conservation Area of Dampier Strait Raja Ampat Regency, Indonesia. The result of identification shows that from 67 points there are 24 observation stations of coral reefs and only 13 stations are found for sea bamboo. Based on the results analysis, it is obtained a coverage percentage value of live coral is 43.47%. This value is included in the medium category. Sea bamboo is recorded with the total colony as many as 581 colonies with the density value of 0.096 colony/m2 or 968.33 colony/Ha. The distribution of discovered sea bamboo ranges in the depth of 3-7 meters.
  • Isis hippuris, waters conservation, rapid resources inventory, point intercept transects, belt transect.

Sa’idah N.F., Andayani S., Yanuhar U.

  • INFLUENCE OF FISH FEED AND DIFFERENT SALINITY LEVEL TOWARDS GROWTH OF STADIA GLASS EEL (ANGUILLA BICOLOR); pp. 439-442
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.51

Abstract and key words:

  • Eel (Anguilla sp.) is a type of fish that has high price point. It has been cultivated using both intensive and extensive cultivation system more particularly in Asia. However, mortality of the fish seed, more particularly during early cultivation stage, is still high. Objective of this study was to describe fish feed and salinity in order to optimize the fish growth. The size of the fish seed was between 3 and 5 centimeters. The seeds were kept in controlled container for 15 days. The density was 5 fish/liter and the salinity levels were 0 ppt, 5 ppt, 10 ppt and 15 ppt. The fish was fed with 5% of the total biomass of silkworm and paste twice a day. The observed parameters were quality of water consisting of pH, temperature, DO, ammonia, nitrate and nitrite. The finding showed that amylase enzyme activities reached the highest level when the salinity level was 5 ppt and the fish was fed with silkworm (natural fish feed).
  • Anguilla sp., salinity, fish feed, growth, glass eel.

Emilyasari D., Andayani S., Harahab N.

  • WATERS SUITABILITY FOR TILAPIA (ORECHROMIS NILOTICUS) CULTIVATION IN CAGE CULTURE IN LAKE RANAU OF LAMPUNG; pp. 443-447
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.52

Abstract and key words:

  • Water suitability is an effort to see the water potential to support the aquaculture development. Cultivation area study is the first step to know the water suitability level for established cage units of tilapia. Some of key factors for cultivation effort are area selection for the right water quality. This study aims to determine water suitability level for tilapia cultivation in cage culture based on water quality factor. The main parameters measured in this study were water temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen, water clarity, current velocity, total ammonia nitrogen, nitrate, phosphate and chlorophyll-a. The research was conducted in the Lake Ranau ten areas of sampling location. The results of in-situ measurements and the laboratory analysis results (ex situ) were analyzed descriptively to determine water suitability level by scoring and weighting based on literature sources. The suitability class obtained in all stations shows the general waters of Lake Ranau in Lumbok Seminung highly suitable to establish tilapia farming through cage culture.
  • Suitability, water quality, lake, cage culture, Tilapia.

Laily D.W., Syafrial, Hanani N., Muslich M.M.

  • STUDY OF POLICY IMPACT ON THE INDONESIAN FRESH TUNA EXPORT: AN ECONOMETRIC APPROACH; pp. 448-456
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.53

Abstract and key words:

  • This study analyzes the impact of government policies to increase Indonesia's tuna exports in the international market. This study uses time series data 2000-2016. The econometric model used in this study was a simultaneous equation by including government policy variables. Analysis of the impact of Indonesia's fresh tuna trade policy on domestic and international markets were done with ex ante simulation and historical simulation using time series data 2000-2016. Results of analysis can be abstracted as follows: the policy of increasing the number of trips 25 percent impacts on the increase of tuna production by three percent; the depreciation of the rupiah exchange rate by 30 percent has an impact on the increase of fresh tuna exports to Japan by 13 percent; decrease the price of domestic fresh tuna by 10 percent resulted in an increase in domestic fresh tuna demand by 3.42 percent; decrease the interest rate of 2.5 percent could induce increasing the fresh tuna production by 13.99 percent; removal of the import tariffs could increase export of fresh tuna; use of appropriate technology could increase fresh tuna production. The production and export of Indonesian tunas were also influenced by the policies of the Indonesian government and policies of the importing countries.
  • Export, policies, fresh tunas fisheries, international market.

Tito S.I., Mudjiono G., Abadi A.L., Himawan T.

  • ABBREVIATION OF SCALES ON APPLE PLANT IN JUNGGO (TULUNGREJO VILLAGE OF BATU CITY, INDONESIA); pp. 457-467
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.54

Abstract and key words:

  • Scales have attacked 9 hectares of apple land spread in 8 villages of Bumiaji sub-district such as Giripurno village, Tulungrejo village, Pandanrejo village, Sumbergondo village, Bulukerto village, Punten village, Gunungsari village, and Bumiaji village. This pest
  • is a perennial pest on apple crops and difficult to control. The current way of control has not been able to overcome this pest problem. This research was conducted to find out abbreviation of scales on apple plant at Junggo, Tulungrejo Village, Bumiaji Sub-district, Batu City. Number of duct tape observed as many as 18 units of experiment and trap color as much as 30 unit experiment. The results showed that the total population of scales that can occur in one year is 1322 individu with a generation of 7.20 months and the rate of breeding speeds of 3.21in one parent. Decrease of scales occurs in March to May and September to November. In March to May it is suspected to be caused more by natural enemies, whereas in September to November it is caused more by rainfall factor.
  • Abbreviation, apple, scales, pests, control.

Soplanit A., Guritno B., Ariffin, Suminarti N.E.

  • EFFECT OF VARIETIES AND STICK INCLINATION ANGLE ON THE GROWTH, YIELD AND PHOTOSYNTHESIS EFFICIENCY OF SWEET POTATO (IPOMOEA BATATAS L.) IN PAPUA HIGHLAND; pp. 468-475
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.55

Abstract and key words:

  • Abiotic stress due to high levels of vulnerability in the Papua highlands is a deleterious limiting factor for the growth and development of sweet potato affecting yields. This study examined the effect of three varieties of sweet potato: Siate (narrow-leaves), Papua Sollosa (medium-leaves) and Cangkuang (broad-leaves) combined with four supporting stick angles – no stick and angles of 45º, 60º and 90º – on the growth, yield and photosynthetic efficiency of sweet potato grown under field conditions. The results show that to optimize plant use of solar radiation in the highlands of Papua, it is advisable to use Cangkuang variety (broad leaves) combined with sticks angles of 60º and 90º.
  • Sweet potato, variety, stick angles, Papua highlands, photosynthetic efficiency.

Dwiastuti M.E., Sugiyatno A.

  • THE POTENCIAL OF INTERSTOCK USE TO REDUCE DIPLODIA DISEASE (BOTRYODIPLODIA THEOBROMAE PATH.) ON CITRUS PLANT; pp. 476-487
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.56

Abstract and key words:

  • Botryodiplodia theobromae Path. has caused a damage to stems and death of citrus plants in 22 production centers in Indonesia. The purpose of this research is to determine the potential use of rootstock and interstock in inhibiting the diplodia disease. The research was conducted at the screen house of Indonesian Citrus and Subtropical Fruits Research Institute from July to December 2016. There are 24 treatment combinations consisting of 8 interstocks on 3 commercial citrus varieties. The results showed that the scion of sweet-lime combined with the interstock of Volkameriana, Troyer citrange, and Kanci have the smallest area of disease exposure (0 cm2). Therefore, this combination has the highest potential to inhibit the rot of orange B theobromae stem (there is no symptom = tolerant). The scion of Keprok Batu 55 with the interstock of Carrizo citrange, Swingle citrumello, Poncirus trifoliata, and the scion of sweet lime on Carrizo citrange, Poncirus trifoliata have the least potential to inhibit the rot of the stem compared to other interstock treatments (moderate = slightly resistant). The plants combined with Volkameriana interstock are taller than the other while the plants combined with Citromello and P.trifoliata interstock have the shortest size (stunted).
  • Botryodiplodia theobromae, citrus, diplodia, interstock.

Aisiah S., Prajitno A., Maftuch, Yuniarti A.

  • BIOACTIVE CONTENT IDENTIFICATION OF BULUBANGKAL LEAF (NAUCLEA SUBDITA [KORTH.] STEUD.) AND ITS ANALYSIS AS AEROMONAS HYDROPHILA ANTIBACTERIAL BY IN VITRO AND IN SILICO METHODS; pp. 488-495
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.57

Abstract and key words:

  • This research aimed at finding out a bioactive content of bulubangkal leaf and extractability of 3 polar solvents, semi-polar and non-polar as Aeromonas hydrophila antibacterial. The sample was extracted by maceration and fractionation methods using n-hexane solvent, ethyl acetate, and methanol. Antibacterial activity was carried out by disk-diffusion agar method. It was found that active agent contained within bulubangkal leaf are saponin, tannin, phenolic, and steroid as A. hydrophilia bacterial based on the antibacterial test by in vitro and in silico methods.
  • Phytochemistry, antibacterial, Nauclea subdita, Aeromonas hydrophila.

Yustinaningrum D., Hakim A., Purwanti P.

  • COMMUNITY BASED MANGROVE ECOSYSTEM MANAGEMENT AT CLUNGUP BEACH OF TAMBAKREJO VILLAGE, MALANG REGENCY; pp. 496-504
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.58

Abstract and key words:

  • The success of mangrove ecosystem management has been done through community-based management, for example in Clungup Beach, Tambakrejo Village of Malang Regency. The management of this area successfully restored 73 Ha of mangrove forest and able to integrate tourism activities, conservation, and empowerment of local communities. This study aims to determine the level of community participation and formulate management strategies. The study was conducted in March-July 2017 using descriptive method. The level of community participation is obtained based on its involvement in the management of the area. SWOT analysis is used in formulating management strategies. The level of community participation consists of four stages: planning, implementation, utilization and evaluation. The level of community participation at each stage is in the high category. According to Arnstein (1969), included in citizen power, where people are able to plan, implement programs that are made independently. The strategy applied is aggressive growth; utilize the power to achieve the opportunity. Priority undertaken: strengthening mangrove ecotourism management through: improving the function of education, improving the quality and comfort of tourists, improving the quality of media outreach with the improvement of sites on the internet; improving community empowerment.
  • Mangrove ecosystem, community participation, community-based management, strategy.

Azmanajaya E., Paulus C.A.

  • FACTORS AFFECTING SUSTAINABILITY OF WATER SUPPLY IN COASTAL COMMUNITY OF TARAKAN ISLAND NORTH KALIMANTAN: AN APPLICATION OF MUTIDIMENSIONAL SCALING METHOD; pp. 505-513
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.59

Abstract and key words:

  • Coastal communities are known to be vulnerable to water needs. They are largely isolated, vulnerable to natural hazards, and climate variability inhibits their ability to obtain adequate water resources to support their lives. Hence, finding a sustainable water supply provision model is a sensible way to address these uncertainties and vulnerabilities. However, achieving sustainable water supply is a challenging issue, as it is influenced by various factors from an environmental, social, economic, technological and institutional perspective. This study assessed the water supply problem by identifying key factors that affect its sustainability. Data were analyzed using the approach of multidimensional scaling. The analysis showed that the multidimensional system of clean water supply on Tarakan is sustainable with 13 sensitive attributes that have an effect on increasing the sustainability index. The attributes are divided into 3 attributes on the environmental dimension, 3 attributes on the economic dimension, 2 attributes on social and cultural dimensions, 3 attributes on infrastructure and technology dimensions, and 2 attributes on legal and institutional dimensions. To improve long-term sustainability status, the scenario that needs to be done to improve the provision of clean water is a prolonged-optimistic scenario by making a thorough improvement of all sensitive attributes.
  • Sustainability, water supply, coastal communities, island.

Diniariwisan D., Herawati E.Y., Mahmudi M.

  • THE PREDICTION OF WATERS TROPHIC STATUS BASED ON THE CONTENTS OF NUTRIENT AND CHLOROPHYLL-A THROUGH THE TROPHIC INDEX AT THE ESTUARY OF KETINGAN RIVER, SIDOARJO; pp. 514-518
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.60

Abstract and key words:

  • Eutrophication is a process of abundant increasing of nutrient contents (nitrate and phosphate) in waters which can stimulate the process of algae blooming and can decrease the quality of waters. This research aims to know the trophic status based on the contents of nutrient and chlorophyll-a at the eastuary of Ketingan river, Sidoarjo on March 2018. The main parameter that was measured in this research is dissolved inorganic nitrogen and dissolve inorganic phosphate, chlorophyll-a and the dissolved oxygen that as main component to predict the fertility status by using the TRIX method. The trophic status that was got at the estuary of Ketingan river, Sidoarjo using the TRIX method shows the value of 1.21 to 2.30, means, it is included in oligotrophic waters category.
  • Eutrophication, estuary, chlorophyll-a, trophic index, waters.

Pratama G.A.

  • CONE PENETRATION TEST AND PILE RECOMENDATION IN THE RICE FIELD: A CASE STUDY AT BOGOR AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY OUTSIDE DOMICILE STUDY PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT AREA OF SUKABUMI, WEST JAVA; pp. 519-524
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-06.61

Abstract and key words:

  • This study was conducted on cone penetration test data existed in the plan area of the Bogor Agricultural University’s outside domicile study program. The purpose of this study is to calculate the bearing capacity of piles resulted from cone penetration and material strength, compare the bearing capacity of piles to be recommended. The data collection methodology was done by observation and retrieving data in the field. The layer with conical resistance value (qc)> 250 kg / cm2 was found in the depth of 7.2 m from existing ground elevation for s1. For s2, it could be found at the depth of 7.6 m from existing ground elevation, while for s3, it was at the depth of 4.8 m from ground elevation.
  • Cone penetration test, engineering management, study program, rural development.

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