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RJOAS: Russian Journal of Agricultural and Socio-Economic Sciences

ISSN 2226-1184 (Online)

RJOAS is awarded the DOAJ Seal of Approval for Open Access Journals!

ISSUE 4(76), April 2018

Full-cover issue: PDF, 10.71 Mb (download)

Table of Content

Hidayat T.A., Suman A., Khusaini M.

  • REGIONAL ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS RELATED TO REGIONAL EXPANSION OF BULUNGAN AREA; pp. 5-16
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-04.01

Abstract and key words:

  • This research concentrates on analyzing the structure and economic patterns formed from the division of Bulungan and comparing the performance of regional development. The analytical tool used is the analysis of the typology of the area, the relative potency region, shift-share, and analysis of the construction index performance.  Bulungan located in relatively remote areas while area division (City of Tarakan, Nunukan, Mainau district, Tana Tidung) belong to the fast developing areas and developed areas depressed, but Tarakan city has the highest economic potential with LQ> 1 in 14 sectors of development.
  • Economic performance, structure, growth, development, regency.

Valensa J.D.

  • THE IMPLEMENTATION OF GOVERNMENT POLICY IN EMPOWERING BUSINESS AND "IRA-MASI" GROUP OF GIFT NILE TILAPIA (OREOCHROMIS SP.) FARMERS IN SUCO COM, EAST TIMOR; pp. 17-23
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-04.02

Abstract and key words:

  • Policy implementation is widely seen as the application of the legislation in which various actors, organizations, procedures, and techniques collaborate to implement policies in order to achieve policy goals or programs comprehended as a process, an output, and an impact (outcome). This study aims to identify and analyze the implementation of government policy in empowering the business and group of fish farmers, recognize the constraints faced by group of fish farmers, establish empowerment strategies that can be developed in empowering business and group of fish farmers, and determine the role of the government in empowering the wealth of fish farmer groups. This research was conducted in Com Village, Lautem Moro Subdistrict, Lautem District, East Timor, from December 15th, 2017, to February 5th, 2018. This research was conducted using qualitative descriptive method. Data collection used in this study was the primary and secondary data obtained using observation, interview, and documentation techniques.
  • Policy, implementation, government, empowerment, fish farmers group.

Setiyono A., Suparman L., Alamsyah

  • THE EFFECT OF LEADERSHIP ON ORGANIZATIONAL CITIZENSHIP BEHAVIOUR THROUGH WORK CLIMATE AND JOB SATISFACTION; pp. 24-32
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-04.03

Abstract and key words:

  • The success and failure of the system in educational institutions depend on leaders. Leaders who are able to nurture the teachers, who become subordinates, will certainly improve the work atmosphere. The purpose of this study is to examine and analyze the effect of leadership on job satisfaction and work climate oriented on the organizational citizenship behavior. This study adopted quantitative research, with sampling technique used is probability cluster sampling with 78 respondents selected at some Madrasah Aliyah Negeri (Senior High School) in Lombok. Data were collected by questionnaire and analyzed using SmartPLS analysis. The findings show that leadership has a significant effect on work climate, job satisfaction and organizational citizenship behavior.
  • Leadership, work climate, organizational citizenship, behavior, job satisfaction.

Kamrussamad, Wibowo A., Suraji, Embi M.A.

  • INDONESIAN FOOD POLICY: THE PROGRAMS FOR STRENGTHENING FOOD SELF-SUFFICIENCY IN REFORMATION ERA; pp. 33-39
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-04.04

Abstract and key words:

  • The 2012 decree #18, the policy on food states that objective of food implementation is to meet basic human needs and provide fair, equitable, and sustainable benefits based on food sovereignty, food self-sufficiency, and national food security. Food sovereignty, independence and security are fundamental and supports implementation of policies related to food implementation in Indonesia. The 2012 decree #18 stated that food implementation aims to improve ability to produce food independently, provide a variety of food and meet the requirements of security, quality, and nutrition for public consumption.
  • Food policy, security, nutrition quality, consumption.

Arma N.A., Noor I., Sujarwoto

  • INFRASTRUCTURE EXPENDITURE AND POVERTY REDUCTION IN INDONESIA; pp. 40-51
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-04.05

Abstract and key words:

  • The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of infrastructure expenditure to education, health and roads on poverty reduction in Indonesia. The relationship of both variables controlled through other determinants such as locally generated revenue, gross regional domestic product, population and good governance index. Using Data Panel in Indonesia years 2006 up to 2015, were analyzed using an econometric model with fixed effect regression. The results show that infrastructure expenditure to education and health have a negative influence significantly to poverty reduction, while road infrastructure expenditure has not significant impact on poverty reduction in Indonesia.
  • Infrastructure expenditure, poverty reduction, good governance, education, people health.

Hermanto, Moeljadi, Troena E.A., Rofiaty

  • THE EFFECT OF TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP, ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE AND STRATEGIC ORIENTATION ON ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE THROUGH THE MEDIATING ROLE OF KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT: A STUDY IN REGIONAL WATER SUPPLY COMPANIES OF WEST NUSA TENGGARA, INDONESIA; pp. 52-62
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-04.06

Abstract and key words:

  • This study aims to examine and to explain the direct impact of transformational leadership, organizational culture, and strategic orientation on organizational performance, as well as indirect impact of those variables through the mediating role of knowledge management. A quantitative approach is applied where data are collected based on a survey method; in addition, the analysis technique uses General Structured Component Analysis. All regional water supply companies in West Nusa Tenggara are involved as the unit analysis of this research in which 70 managers at top and middle level are treated as research respondents. The research indicates that there is a positive and significant direct effect of knowledge management on organizational performance; yet there is no direct effect of transformational leadership, organizational culture, and strategic orientation on organizational performance. The result also demonstrates that knowledge management is a full mediation variable of organizational culture and strategic orientation on organizational performance, but not on the relationship between transformational leadership and organizational performance. However, in order to provide more comprehensive results, further research of study needed to involve more regional water companies as unit analysis as well as another knowledge management’s drivers in order to broaden the perspective of knowledge management role.
  • Transformational leadership, organizational culture, strategic orientation, knowledge management, organizational performance.

Kurniawati D.T.

  • A CONCEPT: FACTORS INFLUENCING SHARING TACIT KNOWLEDGE IN PUBLIC SECTOR ORGANIZATION; pp. 63-69
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-04.07

Abstract and key words:

  • Sharing tacit knowledge is a personal and more practical knowledge sharing based on someone's experience and skill. This research aimed to determine the process of sharing tacit knowledge in a public sector organization by putting several variables of organizational culture and servant leadership as antecedent and trust as mediation. This research was a combination of the previous model; it did not appear a new basis theory since it was an interaction of the previous research but more focusing on government organization. This research was practically expected to provide information to government organization on the factors influencing sharing tacit knowledge.
  • Organizational culture, servant leadership, trust, sharing tacit knowledge.

Erlina Y., Syafrial, Koestiono D., Hanani N.

  • THE ADOPTION LEVEL OF BOKAR PROCESSING AND THE EFFECT TO THE INCREASING FARMERS' INCOME: A CASE STUDY OF RUBBER FARMERS IN KAPUAS REGENCY, CENTRAL KALIMANTAN, INDONESIA; pp. 70-79
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-04.08

Abstract and key words:

  • The aim of this study is, first, to analyze the adoption rate of farmers who take the program of bokar (bahan olahan karet rakyat or community’s rubber material) processing implemented in the form of Bokar Processing and Marketing Unit (Unit Pengolahan dan Pemasaran Bokar or UPPB) and, the second, to analyze the effect of adoption rate on rubber farmer's income. The method used to determine the sample of this study is disproportionate stratified random sampling method so that a total of 134 families is obtained as respondents. The first objective was analyzed by using descriptive statistics with semantic differential scale. The second research objective was analyzed by multiple regression methods with Statistical Analysis System program (SAS 9.1 for Windows version). The results show that the average farmers’ adoption rate is 26,48 among the lowest and maximum score. Therefore, it can be concluded that the adoption rate of the farmers in Kapuas Regency is categorized as moderate or in transition to the implementation of the program. The income from bokar has a significant and positive impact on the adoption rate of the rubber farmers because the UPPB members (farmers) have already adopted the technology that is recommended for bokar processing.
  • Adoption, rubber farmers, bokar bersih program, rubber price, income.

Wardhana A.K.

  • WORK STRESS (CAUSES, IMPACTS AND SOLUTIONS): A CASE STUDY ON THE NET. YOGYAKARTA EMPLOYEES; pp. 80-91
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-04.09

Abstract and key words:

  • The purpose of this research is to know the causes of the emergence of the stress, and the impact or effects that appear due to stress. The results of research show the factors triggering the emergence of stress: demands and high work pressure; work overload; the inter-personal relationship (including disputes with colleagues); buildup of work; overtime; disagreements among the leadership; lack of appreciation from superiors; complexity of the work; the lack of help from colleagues and superiors; and the discipline of the time.
  • Stress, impact, stress solutions, media workers.

Sun’an M.

  • THE EFFECT OF GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE AND PRIVATE INVESTMENT ON WORK OPPORTUNITIES AND UNEMPLOYMENT RATE IN INDONESIA; pp. 92-100
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-04.10

Abstract and key words:

  • This study aims to analyze the effect of government expenditure and private investment on employment and unemployment in Indonesia, and employment opportunities on the unemployment rate in Indonesia. The path analysis is used as a method of data analysis. The results show that government expenditure and private investment have a significant and positive correlation to employment; this means that an increase in government expenditure and private investment will increase employment as well. Furthermore, private investment has a significant and negative correlation to the unemployment rate; this means that, an increase in private investment will reduce the unemployment rate. Government expenditure has no effect on unemployment rate in Indonesia because government expenditure focuses on the development of basic infrastructure and has not yet targeted the economic activities of the community.
  • Government expenditure, private investment, employment opportunities, unemployment.

Dewi Y.P., Holis M.N., Tobing D.S.K.L., Hana S.S.W.L.

  • THE INFLUENCE OF TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP, ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE AND ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT ON EMPLOYEE SATISFACTION OF PT. BANK MANDIRI (PERSERO), TBK OF JEMBER AREA; pp. 101-108
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-04.11

Abstract and key words:

  • The purpose of this research is to know the influence of transformational leadership, organizational culture, and organizational commitment on performance through work satisfaction of Mandiri Bank employees of Jember Area. Sampling uses census method to all employees of L5 Mandiri Bank of Jember Area amounted to 70 people. This research uses quantitative research method with explanatory research approach. The data obtained from the questionnaires of respondents tested using path analysis test (Path Analysis). The result of this research shows that transformational leadership has a direct influence on work satisfaction of employees of Mandiri Bank in Jember Area. The results also explain that transformational leadership affects on performance through work satisfaction, organizational culture affects the performance through work satisfaction, and organizational commitment affects the performance through work satisfaction.
  • Transformational leadership, organizational culture, organizational commitment, work satisfaction.

Aba F.X.A.

  • ACCELERATION OF ECONOMIC POLICY AND IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGY FOR DEVELOPMENT PLANNING IN POOR AREA; pp. 109-117
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-04.12

Abstract and key words:

  • The purpose of this study is to analyze and identify the basic sectors of the economy. The problems that arise are to determine the condition and potential of the economy, how the potential of basic sectors of the economy, economic growth, sectoral contribution, and transformation of economic structure, multiplier effect of the basic sectors to the economy and the prospect of the leading sectors of the economy. Kupang City of East Nusa Tenggara province in Indonesia was chosen as the location of the study to design the development process in this area because the planning process undertaken in this area is a combination of bottom-up and top-down planning approach.
  • Poor areas, economic policy, planning strategy, development structure.

Arifin J.

  • INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL ON FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE AND FIRM VALUE OF BANK SECTOR COMPANIES LISTED AT INDONESIA STOCK EXCHANGE IN PERIOD OF 2008-2012; pp. 118-128
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-04.13

Abstract and key words:

  • This study is aimed to the influence of Intellectual Capital on Financial Performance and Firm Value of bank sector companies listed at Jakarta Indonesia Stock Exchange in period 2008-2012. This unit data is represented by the audited company's financial statements and historical data of stock prices in Indonesia Stock Exchange. Financial statement data and historical data of the company's stock price used are from the year of 2008 to 2012. Companies sampled in the study only companies which meet the sampling criteria as 130 companies. Data analysis used in this study is Generalized Structured Component Analysis. Results of research indicate that Intellectual Capital significantly influences Financial Performance, and Intellectual Capital significantly influences firm value.
  • Financial performance, firm value, Intellectual capital, Indonesia.

Yunikewaty, Lion E.

  • EFFORTS TO IMPROVE WELFARE BASED ON AQUACULTURE TOWARDS THE COMMUNITY ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT; pp. 129-137
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-04.14

Abstract and key words:

  • This study aims to produce a continuous improvement model of river basin community welfare by applying the moral values of the society culture. The subject of research is the community of the river Kahayan River Palangkaraya. Based on the results of research can be concluded that the aquaculture based eco-business activities can be done by applying the moral values of the river society culture, so that all economic activities do not damage the environment. The Kahayan River has a high economic potential for the people living around it. However, the current condition has been greatly reduced due to various obstacles encountered, including environmental damage in the upper river, due to refinery plantation companies (accompanied by high levels of pesticide use and chemical fertilizers and intensive cultivation), illegal gold mining, deforestation, illegal use of poison while fishing, industrial and household waste disposal into the Kahayan river.
  • Aquaculture, economic independence, moral values, culture, community.

Dipa I.W.A., Gelgel I.P., Darmika I.B.

  • CONTROVERSY OF MARRIAGE PADA GELAHANG IN BALINESE HINDU COMMUNITY IN KARANGASEM REGENCY; pp. 138-142
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-04.15

Abstract and key words:

  • Marriage Pada Gelahang has become controversial issue among Balinese Hindu community in Karangasem Regency. The controversy include various aspects related to marriage Pada Gelahang. This study reveals the controvercy  that is directed at three main issues, namely causes, forms, and  implications. This research is designed as a qualitative research with descriptive-interpretative approach. Data were obtained through interviews, focus group discussions, and document studies, then analyzed with theories of social change, reception, social system theory, and family evolution theory. This study concludes that the causes of Marriage Pada Gelahang are different perspective toward social change in customary (adat) system; the discourse of inheritance rights for women; reflection of knowledge and experience; and Hindu marriage law.
  • Controversy, marriage, Pada Gelahang, Balinese Hindu community.

Pudjowati J., Suman A., Sakti R.K., Adi P.M.

  • THE INFLUENCE OF SME EMPOWERMENT TOWARDS SUSTAINABILITY OF BATIK BUSINESS: A STUDY OF HANDMADE MANGROVE BATIK SME AT SURABAYA, INDONESIA; pp. 143-149
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-04.16

Abstract and key words:

  • Main responsibility in development program is creating an empowered society or creating society possessing energy, power or skill. The study aims to examine and analyze the influence of SME empowerment towards business sustainability. The object of the study is the businessman of mangrove batik in East Surabaya. The locations of the study are Kedung Baruk, Wonorejo, and Gunung Anyar areas. Total population and sample of all respondents are 58 mangrove batik businessmen. Data analysis method used in the study is Partial Least Square by using SmartPLS 2.0 program. The result of the study shows that SME empowerment significantly influences the business sustainability of mangrove batik businessmen in Surabaya city.
  • SME empowerment, business, sustainability, handmade mangrove batik.

Lubis M., Mustafa M.

  • THE EFFECT OF NON-PERFORMING LOAN, CAPITAL ADEQUACY RATIO, LOAN TO DEPOSIT RATIO AND OPERATING EXPENSES TO OPERATING INCOME ON DEPOSIT PORTFOLIO OF NATIONAL SOCIAL SECURITY ON EMPLOYMENT (BPJS KETENAGAKERJAAN) FOR PERIOD OF 2015-2017; pp. 150-160
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-04.17

Abstract and key words:

  • The objective of this research is to examine and analyze the impact of non-performing loan, capital adequacy ratio, loan to deposit ratio and operating expenses to operating income to the portfolio of deposit of BPJS Ketenagakerjaan. Sampling was conducted with a census sampling method during 2015-2017. The results show that capital adequacy ratio have positive significant influence on deposit of BPJS Ketenagakerjaan.
  • Deposit, social security, employment,non-performing loan, capital adequacy ratio, loan to deposit ratio, operational expenses.

Arung L., Apolo S., Yohanes R.

  • COMPETITIVENESS ANALYSIS OF FURNITURE INDUSTRY PRODUCTS IN PAPUA; pp. 161-172
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-04.18

Abstract and key words:

  • The objective of this study is to analyze the influence of product, infrastructure, government policy, human resource, and science and technology on the competitiveness of furniture industry in the city and regency of Jayapura. The population of this study is 265 furniture industry business people and companies in the city and regency of Jayapura, from which 120 are selected as the sample through proportional sampling so that the sample is able to represent all characteristics in the population. This study uses descriptive analysis and Structural Equation Modelling to answer the research problem and assess the hypotheses. The results of this study show that product has a significant influence on competitiveness at 1.00, that infrastructure has a significant influence on competitiveness at 1.604, and that government policy has a significant influence on competitiveness at 0.815. Furthermore, human resource and science and technology have a very significant influence on competitiveness at 1.269 and 1.012 consecutively.
  • Product, competitiveness, city, business, furniture.

Mukhlis M., Nazsir N., Rahmatunnisa M., Yuningsih Y.N.

  • A LONG, WINDING AND STEEP ROAD FOR COLLABORATIVE GOVERNANCE IN INDONESIA; pp. 173-183
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-04.19

Abstract and key words:

  • This paper discusses whether collaborative governance always has positive impacts for inclusive policy-making processes and it also has positive effects on performance, success, and sustainability of policies as argued by its supporters? This paper argues that the argument is not always correct. Although collaborative governance has the potential impact to produce creative problem solving through consensus of parties involved and to create public value and innovation, the concept has also the opportunity to be hampered and thus cannot achieve the expected positive outcomes, due to several challenges and/or obstacles.
  • Collaborative governance, government, Indonesia, policy.

Apolo S., Arung L.

  • THE INFLUENCE OF REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT FUNDING RESOURCES ON REGIONAL ECONOMIC GROWTH IN THE REGENCY OF LANNY JAYA IN PAPUA; pp. 184-201
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-04.20

Abstract and key words:

  • The objective of this research is to analyze and measure the influence of development funding resource on economic growth in primary, secondary and tertiary sectors in the regency of Lanny Jaya. This study uses descriptive analysis and multiple linear regression analysis. The results of this study show that the influence of development funding resource on the economic growth of primary sector in the regency of Lanny is as follows: simultaneously does not have any influence; partially, from the four funding resources, only general allocation fund influences the economic growth of primary sector in the regency of Lanny Jaya; this indicates that the government of Lanny Jaya do not contribute much and their effort in managing business in primary sector such as agriculture, plantation, fishery, and mining, is not optimal, so they still do the business independently and traditionally.
  • Developmental, funds, economic growth, regency, business.

Suleymanov A.S.O., Akhmedova M.I.G., Mammedova G.R.G.

  • UNIVERSITY VIRTUAL TECHNOPARK IS AN ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENT OF SCIENCE; pp. 202-212
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-04.21

Abstract and key words:

  • The implementation of the concept of creating a university virtual technology park proposed in this article will contribute to the expansion of the innovative segment of the Azerbaijani economy, client-oriented innovation projects, shortening the time at project development stages, improving the quality of project teams, attracting international experience and experts, significantly increasing the chances of technology projects.
  • Customer orientation, technology, incubator, cluster, transfer, infrastructure, investors.

Papilaya D., Kriyantono R., Wulandari M.P.

  • LEVEL OF ENCROACHMENT EFFECT TO EXCELLENT PUBLIC RELATIONS: A STUDY ON COMMUNICATION LEADERS ACTIVITY AT PT. TELKOM INDONESIA; pp. 213-219
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-04.22

Abstract and key words:

  • This research aims to reveal how far the three kinds of encroachment effect to excellent public relations practice. The phenomenon of public relations encroachment and application of excellence theory has been widely studied. Encroachment is a barrier to 10 factors of excellence to be applied properly. However, no research has been done on the extent of counting the correlation and the influence of encroachment (either authority encroachment, functional encroachment, or structural encroachment) on the application of excellence factors. Research conducted by sending an online questionnaire link to 55 communications leader at PT. Telkom Indonesia whose work location spread throughout the country of Indonesia. The dispersed questionnaire includes statements about authority encroachment, functional encroachment, structural encroachment, and 10 principles of excellence indicators. The results of research state that the level of excellent public relations at PT. Telkom Indonesia can’t be categorized as excellent. One of the factors that influence the application of the principle of excellence has not been maximized is because the practice of encroachment is still found. The authority encroachment, functional encroachment and structural encroachment that occurred have a correlation and influence on the successful application of the principle of excellence with different levels. The authority encroachment ranks at the top in terms of correlation and its effect on the application of the principle of excellence, followed by functional encroachment, and then structural encroachment.
  • Communication, communication leader, public relations, authority encroachment, functional encroachment, structural encroachment, excellence theory.

Habibi A.

  • RELIGIOSITY AS AN INTERVENING VARIABLE IN THE CONSUMPTION PATTERN OF MOSLEM COMMUNITY; pp. 220-225
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-04.23

Abstract and key words:

  • Consumption is one of the basic indicators of human’s life. The level of human satisfaction is always influenced by the level of economic and social change in the culture of a region. According to Kotler, religion is part of a culture that can shape people's behavior. The purpose of this study is to analyze the influence of contextual factors and religiosity on food consumption patterns in Bandar Lampung, as well as to investigate the religiosity variables as an intervening variable on the contextual factors on food consumption patterns in Bandar Lampung.  The results of the analysis showed that the relative and contextual factors cannot influence the consumers' buying behavior directly but influence the religiosity (as an intervening variable) and the pattern of consumption indirectly.
  • Consumption, religiosity, community, food, factors.

Rahmawati N.N., Ruastiti N.M.

  • THE RITUAL OF BAYAR SAUT AT TEWANG TAMPANG VILLAGE AT PAYAWAN SUB-DISTRICT, KATINGAN DISTRICT OF CENTRAL BORNEO; pp. 226-237
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-04.24

Abstract and key words:

  • This research aimed to know and understand the ritual of Bayar Saut at Tewang Tampang Village of Payawan Sub-District, Katingan District of Central Borneo. This research was conducted due to the uniqueness of religious life in the area. Practically, Muslims do not participate in the implementation of the ritual of Bayar Saut. However, the reality was different. Although the ritual of Bayar Saut is an animism tradition, but Muslims in Katingan District of Central Borneo participated in implementing the ritual. All data, which had been collected by the techniques of observation, interview, and literature studies, were analyzed using phenomenology and hermeneutic theories. The findings of the research showed that: the ritual of Bayar Saut (fulfilling promise) was implemented in the form of offering ceremony that offered food and sacrificial animal such as cow for sahur parapah/gaduhan (supernatural creature) which was believed to help them during the time looking for fortune, providing protection from danger and disease; currently, the local society was still implementing the ritual of Bayar Saut because it was based on the religious, social and cultural ideologies; the society of Tewang Tampang Village, Katingan District of Central Borneo still implemented the ritual of Bayar Saut due to positive implications on their social, economic, and cultural lives. Their belief was so strong against the myth of the essence of life underlying the ritual that Muslims in Tewang Tampang Village, Katingan District of Central Borneo still participated in implementing the tradition of the ritual up to now.
  • Ritual, Bayar Saut, religious life, local culture.

Desmayani N.M.M.R., Budiartha K.

  • FACTORS INFLUENCE TO HOTEL TAX COMPLIANCE IN DENPASAR CITY; pp. 238-245
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-04.25

Abstract and key words:

  • The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of understanding the rules of taxation, distributive justice, tax administration, moral obligations, and tax sanctions against tax compliance. The study was conducted in Denpasar City with hotels’ owners or general managers as respondents. The results of analysis show that understanding of taxation regulation and distributive justice have positive effect on Denpasar tax compliance.
  • Understanding of taxation, distributive justice, tax administration compliance, moral obligations, taxation sanctions.

Hidayati M., Lestari S.P.

  • THE IMPACT OF KNOWLEDGE AND PERCEPTION TOWARD ENVIRONMENTAL SANITATION BEHAVIOR IN SOCIETY OF SEMARANG CITY; pp. 246-252
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-04.26

Abstract and key words:

  • The purpose of this research is to find out the impact of knowledge and the perception of environmental sanitation behavior in Semarang city. The population in this study is housewives aged 30 to 60 years old in Semarang City. Samples are 100 housewives from the Sumurboto, Ngesrep and Karang Bendo Administrative Village in Semarang City. The research was conducted by using multiple linear regression equation. The results of this study suggest that the impact of knowledge on environmental sanitation behavior is positive and significant. While the impact of perception on environmental hygiene behavior is positive and not significant.
  • Environmental sanitation, knowledge, perception, behavior.

Setiani T., Antoni, Sujoko A.

  • THE EFFECT OF NEW IDENTITY, NEW IMAGE, AND REPOSITIONING AS A PROCESS OF REBRANDING TOWARD BRAND LOYALTY, BRAND ASSOCIATIONS, PERCEIVED QUALITY AS PART OF BRAND EQUITY; pp. 253-263
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-04.27
  • Media companies are growing rapidly, along with technological advances, where the success of a media must be supported by brand management. This study examines corporate rebranding by changing name, logo and slogan in influencing brand equity in media companies. Not only to measure the concepts of corporate rebranding and brand equity, the study also examines the relationships between indicators that are used as variables, namely new identity with brand association, new image with brand association, new image with perceived quality, new image with brand loyalty, repositioning with brand association, repositioning with perceived quality and repositioning with brand loyalty. The method of analysis in this study using multiple linear with SPSS analysis. 110 respondents who are advertiser of Radio Kencana Malang in 2017. This study shows a significant effect between corporate rebranding to brand equity simultaneously, new identity with brand association, new image with brand association, repositioning with brand association, new identity with perceived quality, new image with perceived quality, repositioning with brand loyalty, and new identity with brand loyalty. However, there is no significant effect between repositioning with perceived quality and new image with brand loyalty on Radio Kencana Malang.
  • Corporate rebranding, brand equity, media firm, indicators, loyalty.

Silitonga N., Syah T.Y.R., Erni N.

  • MARKETING STRATEGY FOR START UP BUSINESS OF BROILER PEKING DUCK FARM WITH ECO-GREEN INTEGRATED; pp. 264-276
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-04.28

Abstract and key words:

  • The increasing number and the rate of Banten population growth from year to year make it as a potential market which is quite large for the development of broiler duck farming business in the future. In this case, intensive system broiler Peking duck farming which is integrated, economic, and eco-green intensive, eco-green commonly utilizes Azolla microphylla and flour of pluchea leaves and other germ plasmas as the feed supplements. As a company in Peking duck farming with Eco Green concept, it requires the right marketing strategy to get into the target market. Therefore, the focus of this study is the marketing strategy to start up the business of eco-green integrated Peking duck farming. The results of the analysis of this study are that the marketing strategies used are: objectives and target marketing; analysis of market situation, market size, market share, market description; strategy of marketing, segmenting, targeting, positioning; tactics of marketing, networking, interaction, common interest, experience; CRM, continuity marketing, one to one marketing, partnership; blueprint for building a winning sales force; marketing budget, sales estimation, net marketing contribution.
  • Marketing, strategy, start-up business, animal farming, eco-green.

Ohen S.B., Ekaette M.N.

  • LOGISTIC OPERATIONS AND MANAGERIAL PERFORMANCE OF TABLE EGG ENTREPRENEURS IN AKWA IBOM STATE, NIGERIA; pp. 277-286
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-04.29

Abstract and key words:

  • This study aims on logistic operations and managerial performance of table egg entrepreneurs in Akwa Ibom State. The specific objectives were to identify logistic operations used by table egg entrepreneurs in study area, and assess the managerial performance of table egg entrepreneurs and assess the effect of logistic operations on managerial performance of table-egg entrepreneurs. One hundred and eighty (180) table egg entrepreneurs were selected using the simple random sampling technique. Data were collected using structured questionnaires and analysed using descriptive statistics, Data Envelopment Analysis approach and multinomial logistic regression model. Findings of the study show that table egg entrepreneurs applied various logistic operations such as order handling (91.1%), information sharing (85%), inventory management (84.4%), warehousing (76.7%), packaging (86.7%), product distribution scheduling (66.1%) and transport coordination 66.1%) in the production and distribution  of table egg. However, the entrepreneurs were still found to perform below average as most (89.4%) of them were within the efficiency scores of between 0-0.25. Furthermore, only product distribution scheduling operation had a significant effect on managerial performance of table egg entrepreneurs in the study area. The study therefore recommended a collaborative approach between State and non-State actors in organizing capacity building trainings, workshops and seminars that will enhance the managerial capacities of table egg entrepreneurs in the study area. There is also need to set up monitoring and evaluation systems that will ensure that business operators effectively perform required logistic operations that will enhance their overall performance in business.
  • Table egg, managerial performance, logistic operations, business.

Kusumah E.P., Wahyudin N.

  • PURCHASE DECISION OF CHEMICAL COMPOUND FERTILIZERS BY WHITE PEPPER FARMERS; pp. 287-295
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-04.30

Abstract and key words:

  • The purposes of this research are to analyze the influence of Brand Image, Promotion, and Distribution toward Purchase Decision of chemical compound fertilizer. The population in this research is White Pepper farmers in South Bangka Regency, Bangka Belitung Province, Indonesia. The sampling technique is a quota sampling method which results for 100 samples. The data analysis method uses descriptive statistical analysis and logistic regression analysis. The result of this study shows that several brands of chemical compound fertilizer that are preferred by white pepper farmers in South Bangka Regency are Yaramila, Wayang, and Phonska. Brand Image variable and Distribution variable influence on Purchase Decision. On the other hand, Promotion variable doesn’t influence Purchase Decision.
  • Brand image, promotion, distribution, purchase decision, chemical compound fertilizers.

Khaliq A., Yasin M., Afzal M.S., Ahmad N.

  • EVALUATION OF DIFFERENT EXOTIC SUGARCANE GENOTYPES; pp. 296-301
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-04.31

Abstract and key words:

  • This research was conducted at research area of Sugarcane Research Institute (Faisalabad, Pakistan) to evaluate the best sugarcane clones amongst twenty eight clones against two standard varietiesHSF-240 and CPF-249 for different agronomic traits and yield characters during the crop season of 2016-2017 at third selection stage of variety development. In the experiment, three clones (S2014-SL-1322, S2014-SL-1359, S2014-SL-1372) out of twenty eight (11%) were selected on the basis of good performance and did not show splits, lodging tendency, pithiness, aerials roots, disease infestation and these showed good crop stand and thick canes. These three clones were promoted to next stage of variety development cycle. In set-1, Clone S2014-SL-347 gave higher cane yield (58.37 tha-1) with sugar yield of 7.18 tha-1. But it showed some characters of high aerial roots and pithiness and so rejected. In set-II, the clone S2014-SL-1224 gave higher cane yield of 71.51t ha-1 with 8.73t ha-1 sugar yield and showed high disease infestation of red rot and smut and so rejected. But S2014-SL-1322, S2014-SL-1359, S2014-SL-1372 produced cane yield of 71.37 t ha-1, 68.56 t ha-1, 67.33 t ha-1 with 8.71 t ha-1, 8.34 t ha-1, 8.31 t ha-1 sugar yield respectively. The remaining twenty five clones (89%) out of twenty eight were rejected due to diseases susceptibility, lodging, pithiness, poor crop stand, aerial roots and high splits.
  • Aerial roots, clone, smut, fuzz, pithiness.

Rahmawiliyanti, Hanani N., Anindita R., Syafrial

  • INTERMEDIATE PROCESSED COCOA CONTRIBUTION TO INDONESIAN FOREIGN EXCHANGE; pp. 302-307
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-04.32

Abstract and key words:

  • Cocoa is a non-oil commodity export commodity from the plantation sub-sector that became one of the third largest contributors of foreign exchange after palm oil and rubber. Cocoa exports in order to increase export value are concentrated on intermediate processed cocoa, namely cocoa paste, cocoa butter and cocoa powder. The objectives of this research are to analyze the contribution of intermediate processed cocoa products in generating foreign exchange and the factors that affect foreign exchange of Indonesian cocoa. Data analysis used descriptive statistics and inferential statistics. The model is estimated by multiple regression equation with Ordinary Least Square method. The results state that cocoa paste, cocoa butter and cocoa powder have the potential to increase Indonesia's cocoa foreign exchange. The production volume of cocoa beans, the price of world cocoa beans, the world price of cocoa paste and the world price of cocoa powder are the factors that can affect the foreign exchange of Indonesian cocoa. Intensive programs are needed to improve the quantity and quality of cocoa beans and intermediate processed cocoa so that Indonesian cocoa exports foreign exchange increased.
  • Foreign exchange, cocoa beans, cocoa butter, cocoa paste, cocoa powder.

Pusaka D., Susanto S.

  • ANALYSIS OF HUMAN RESOURCES STRATEGY OF PT. FOUR JAFFEE INDONESIA; pp. 308-314
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-04.33

Abstract and key words:

  • Business activities of PT. Four Jaffee Indonesia in achieving its objectives cause problems faced by management, not only on raw materials, work tools, production machines, money and work environment, but also related to employees / human resources who manage other factors of production. Management of professional human resources strategy will be one source from the sustainable competitive advantage from product leadership of kopita product (coffee effervescent tablet), where the human resources will continue to be motivated to give their best contribution to the growth of the company, developed their competences, and maintained so that it becomes a difficult asset imitable and not easily substituted. Some of the natural resource strategies that will be discussed in this research are: strategy, training and development of human resources, culture and corporate values, leadership, planning and fulfillment of human resources, organizational structure, type and human resources, company personnel system.
  • Strategy, business, human resources, development, company.

Paulus C.A., Sobang Y.U.L., Pellokila M.R., Azmanajaya E.

  • THE SUSTAINABILITY DEVELOPMENT STATUS OF PIGS LIVESTOCK ON TRADITIONAL FISHERY HOUSEHOLD IN NEMBRALA VILLAGE OF ROTE NDAO ISLAND; pp. 315-322
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-04.34
  • This study aims to determine the status of corporate sustainability on a pig livestock in the village of fishermen household in Rote Ndao Island. Data were analyzed using the approach of Multi-Dimensional Scaling. The analysis showed that the index of business continuity in domestic swine alternative fishing for ecological dimension of 30.82% with a status less sustainable, legal and institutional dimensions of 36.61% with less sustainable status, infrastructure and technology dimensions of 63.87% with continuous sufficient status, social and cultural dimensions of culture by 65.83% with sustained sufficient status, and economic dimensions of 79.71% with a sustainable status. The results of this study can be concluded importance of business continuity alternatives that contribute to the welfare of traditional fishermen in Nembrala, the regency of Rote Ndao.
  • Sustainability status, development, pigs, livestock, Multi-Dimensional Scaling, Rote Island.

Lie T.U., Syah T.Y.R., Erni N.

  • OPERATIONAL AND FINANCIAL STRATEGIES FOR PEKING DUCK BREEDING START UP BUSINESS INTEGRATED WITH ECO-GREEN; pp. 323-333
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-04.35

Abstract and key words:

  • Duck farming needs to be innovated from traditional maintenance management systems that must be abandoned, costly modern intensive maintenance management and pollute the environment into an efficient and eco-green intensive maintenance system by applying the same system partnership pattern to its core. Integrated eco-green intensive peking duck breeding farm utilizing Azolla Microphylla and hedge leaf as feed supplement and other germplasm utilization. The Azolla Microphylla plant serves as a phytoremediation where it can recycle livestock wastewater into clean water thereby reducing excessive water exploitation and reducing the pollution of the stench. The purpose of this research is to obtain information about the financial strategy to start up the business of peking duck integrated with eco-green model. Beginning from planning activities, the company implements project management system with its Gantt Chart. The mapping of operational strategy is carried out comprehensively by always making continuous improvement (kaizen) because in the current era to be good alone is not enough, but struggle is needed to be superior (market leader) by beginning by cost leader.
  • Operational strategy, finance, start-up business, eco-green.

Angreani P., Azhar, Mustafa

  • THE ANALYSIS OF AGRICULTURAL SECTOR'S GROWTH IN LHOKSEUMAWE OF INDONESIA; pp. 334-343
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-04.36

Abstract and key words:

  • The purpose of this study was to determine and classify the growth of the agricultural sector in Lhokseumawe, and to identify the base and non-base sectors in each agricultural sub-sector. This research used Time Series GRDP data for 15 years of 2002-2016, Shift Share method, Klassen’s Typology and Location Quotient analysis. The results of this study indicate that during study period the value of GRDP of Lhokseumawe city has been progressing, it is characterized by the influence of total growth value which indicates a positive value, and subsector that contributes the most is fishery sub-sector.
  • Shift Share, Klassen typology, location quotient, agricultural sector, growth.

Nauli A.P., Darmanto Y.S., Susanto E.

  • LIQUID SOAP CHARACTERISTIC WITH THE ADDITION OF FISH BONE COLLAGEN; pp. 344-347
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-04.37

Abstract and key words:

  • Doublewhip Threadfin Bream (Nemipterus nematophorus) fish is one of the low-cost economical sea fish that can be utilized which is expected to increase its selling value. The utilization of Doublewhip threadfin bream fish can be done with the waste management of the bones in order to have a selling value. Based on the research, other than its skin, bone is also one of the collagen producers in the body of a fish that can be used to increase the amount of collagen in the human body and slowing the aging process caused by damage skin cells that exposed to free radical. Fish bones are also an alternative to the mammals bones such as cows and pigs as collagen production materials that have been damaged by certain diseases. The method used in this research was laboratory experimental using Completely Randomized Design (RAL) design. This research aims to analyze the characteristics of fish bone collagen that is applied to the liquid soap, which is done by physic and high. Based on the result of the test, the stability of foam is 84.90%; viscosity 922.83; cPs; pH 10.77 and free alkali 0.031% which meets the requirements of liquid quality based on SNI 06-4085-1996 so it is safe to apply on human skin.
  • Collagen, fish bone, doublewhip threadfin bream, liquid soap.

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