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RJOAS: Russian Journal of Agricultural and Socio-Economic Sciences

ISSN 2226-1184 (Online)

RJOAS is awarded the DOAJ Seal of Approval for Open Access Journals!

ISSUE 2(74), February 2018

Full-cover issue: PDF, 9.43 Mb (download)

Table of Content

Badri M., Lubis D.P., Susanto D., Suharjito D.

  • THE VIEWPOINT OF STAKEHOLDERS ON THE CAUSES OF FOREST AND LAND FIRES IN RIAU PROVINCE, INDONESIA; pp. 4-10
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-02.01

Abstract and key words:

  • Riau Province is one of the prone areas of forest and land fires in Indonesia. Fires began to grow since the 1980s as deforestation and the clearing of palm oil plantations occured. The peak of a major fire was happened before the study was taken from 2014 to 2015 and caused a smoke haze for months. This study aims to determine the factors causing forest and land fires in Riau in the viewpoint of stakeholders. The research is conducted by using qualitative methods by exploring stakeholder viewpoint through semi-structured interviews on actors representing government, companies, research institutions, NGOs, mass media and community groups. The results show that all stakeholders have the same viewpoint regarding the cause of human-fire perpetrators. Burning is largely done intentionally in open access areas, disputes, concessions, corporate land, and community lands. Fires continue to occur due to lack of oversight by authorities, massive peatland clearance, deforestation, increased permission for forest or land management for political costs, land disputes, human negligence and weak law enforcement.
  • Forest and land fires, smoke disaster, Riau fires, viewpoint, stakeholders.

Rahmi P.A., Cahyaningrum D., Putri K.W., Listiyawaty Y.

  • MEANING OF CAROK FOR MADURANESE (INDONESIAN TRIBE): A CASE STUDY IN SAMPANG, MADURA ISLAND; pp. 11-16
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-02.02

Abstract and key words:

  • Carok is an expression of Madura's men to defend self-esteem when harassed by others men and symbol of virility even end by dying one or both. This action closely related to the cultural values that used as guidelines for the Maduranese behavior. Yet Carok cannot be equated with cases of criminal murder in general, it can be done with deliberation on both side. The purpose of this study is to know the history of Carok and how people interpret the tradition of Carok in resolving conflicts in society. The method used in this research is qualitative descriptive. Currently, Carok is interpreted as a mechanism of conflict resolution to uphold individual or family self-esteem; instead the closer family from dying fighter such as son, father and brother could fight back the murderer. It is because Maduranese believes that their self-esteem is more valuable than life. The references to the carok are limited; the writings of ancient times vary in depicting the history of Carok itself. The informants stated that Carok does not happen as often as in the past because young generation today has better education.
  • Carok, Maduranese, culture, crime, defense of self-esteem.

Kusumah E.P.

  • TRADING CHANNEL PATTERN OF CASSAVA COMMODITY: DOUBLE ROLES FOR THE FARMERS – IS IT A BENEFIT? pp. 17-22
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-02.03

Abstract and key words:

  • The results of presented study showed that farmers in addition to being producers also become a trading agency where they sell commodities directly to the nearest factory. Based on the tracing of cassava commodity trading channel pattern, two cassava channel modeling pattern in Bangka Regency of Indonesia was established: first channel, consisting of farmers, wholesaler and factories; second channel, consisting of farmers and factories. The size of the price received by farmers and the value of the cost benefit ratio differs in each trading channel pattern.
  • Cassava, trading channel, market behavior, market structure, trade margin.

Mardian M.T., Astuti E.S., Rahardjo K.

  • GENERAL DESIGN OF DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM TO SUPPORT BUSINESS AGILITY: A CASE STUDY AT MINING SERVICES COMPANY; pp. 23-32
  • Lanaguage of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-02.04

Abstract and key words:

  • This study aims to identify and explain the design of business models as well as the general design of Decision Support System that supports business agility at Mining Services Company. Presented study is a qualitative research with a prospective case study method, while the key informants are Commissioner, Director and Vice President of the company. The results showed that the company has a standard method in applying business strategies agility, still rely on the competence of each management. The design of business model is used by using the Business Model Canvas analysis and SWOT analysis. As at the design stage Decision Support System in general, some components of the information system designed include model, output, input, database, technology and control. It is able to make the process faster and more accurate analysis until it provides the preffered priority of solution schemes from company to customer.
  • Decision Support System (DSS), business agility, business model, SWOT,  mining services, company.

Risma N., Asmony T., Nurmayanti S.

  • THE ROLE OF ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT MEDIATION ON THE EFFECT OF PERSON-ORGANIZATION FIT AND JOB SATISFACTION TO TURNOVER INTENTION; pp. 33-40
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-02.05

Abstract and key words:

  • This study aimed to analyze and find out the role of organizational commitment mediation on the effect of person-organization fit and job satisfaction to the turnover intention of marketing funding employees. The research method used was quantitative. The type of this research was causal associative by using purposive sampling method in the sample determination. Respondents are 96 employees of Marketing Funding at Bank Nusa Tenggara Barat, Indonesia. The data analysis technique used was Partial Least Square analysis. The research result showed that person-organization fit has no significant effect on turnover intention, job satisfaction has no significant effect on turnover intention, person-organization fit has significant effect on the organizational commitment, job satisfaction has significant effect on organizational commitment, organizational commitment has significant effect on turnover intention, organizational commitment fully mediates the relationship between person-organization fit on turnover intention, and organizational commitment fully mediates the relationship between job satisfaction on turnover intention.
  • Person-organization fit, job satisfaction, organizational commitment, turnover intention, bank.

Nurlaily F., Aini E.K., Asmoro P.S.

  • DOES FAMILY SOCIAL SUPPORT AFFECT STARTUP BUSINESS ACTIVITIES? pp. 41-54
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-02.06

Abstract and key words:

  • In recent years, StartUp has shown a considerable progress in Indonesia. Although most of the StartUps are newly established companies in phase to find the right markets, the StartUps are expected to contribute to the economy and solve local problems. In Indonesia most of the StartUps are still in the idea stage. Therefore, they have no profit, loss, or even failure. It causes the StartUps to be difficult in gaining trust from investors. To overcome these problems, support from various parties is necessary for the development of StartUp activities. One of them is a support from family (Family Social Support). Previous studies have shown that family support contributes to the success of an entrepreneur. However, there has been no research on the relationship between family support with StartUp activities, especially in developing countries like Indonesia. This study examined the influence of family social support in the form of financial capital support, social capital, human capital, physical capital, and family cohesiveness on StartUp activities in Indonesia by using Poisson regression analysis. The results showed that family cohesiveness had a significant effect on the increase of StartUp activities.
  • Family social support, startup activities, Indonesia.

Fathurrahim, Nimran U., Arifin Z., Musadieq M.A.

  • INFLUENCE OF TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP, TRUST AND EMPLOYEE EMPOWERMENT ON CORPORATE PERFORMANCE THROUGH INNOVATION AND REPUTATION IN MEDIUM AND LARGE ENTERPRISES; pp. 55-66
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-02.07

Abstract and key words:

  • This study aims to develop an understanding of the influence of transformational leadership, trust and empowerment of employees on corporate performance through innovation and reputation in medium and large companies of West Lombok Regency, Indonesia. The sample used in this study is 153 company managers in West Lombok Regency analyzed using GSCA (Generalized Structured Component Analysis). The findings of this study contribute to the development of human resource management. Moreover, the practical contribution for the middle and big enterprise managers in West Lombok district is to improve corporate performance through transformational leadership style by taking into account the trust of employees and continuous employees empowerment. Further research may include organizational and reward culture variables to expand and clarify this study.
  • Transformational leadership, trust, employee empowerment, innovation, reputation, corporate performance.

Suprawa T.A., Brahmasari I.B., Brahmaratih I.A.

  • EFFECT OF COMPETENCE, LEADER-MEMBER EXCHANGE AND TEAMWORK ON WORK DISCIPLINE, JOB STRESS AND THEIR IMPACT ON EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE OF CONSTRUCTION COMPANY IN EAST JAVA, INDONESIA; pp. 67-78
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-02.08

Abstract and key words:

  • Companies participating in an increasingly competitive world require strong employee support to build their long-term competitiveness. Therefore, performance should be a strategic value for the company. This study aims to evaluate the effect of competence, leader-member exchange and teamwork on work discipline, job stress and their impact on employee performance of Construction Company in East Java. The research method was quantitative approach with the sample of 230 respondents. Data were analyzed with Structural Equation Modeling using Amos 20.0 software. The results of this research show that competence has a significant influence on work discipline, but has no influence on job stress and performance. Leader-member exchange has a significant influence on work discipline, job stress, and employee performance. Teamwork has a significant influence on work discipline, but has no influence on job stress and employee performance. Work discipline and job stress have a significant influence on employee performance of Construction Company in East Java.
  • Competence, leader-member exchange, teamwork, job stress, employee, performance.

Ranatarisza M.M.

  • WHETHER BOOK TAX DIFFERENCES AFFECT THE PRICE BOOK VALUE? pp. 79-89
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-02.09

Abstract and key words:

  • The objective of the study was to describe book tax different influence towards price book value. The study was an explanatory study with quantitative approach. The setting of the study was manufacturing companies listed in Indonesian Stock Exchange. The independent variables were book tax different which measured using temporary differences and book tax different measured by permanent differences. The dependent variable was price book value. The data analysis involved descriptive statistics, classical assumption test, multiple linear regression and hypothesis-testing using Statistical Package for Social Science 21.0. The findings were: temporary differences did not have significant influence towards price book value, meaning that increasing temporary differences would result in insignificant increase in price book value and was not the main determining factor of price book value; permanent differences had significant influence towards price book value, which mean increasing permanent differences would increase price book value and was the main determining factor in describing level of company’s price book value; there was significant, positive and simultaneous influence between temporary differences and permanent differences as the indicator of book tax different towards price book value in the companies.
  • Book tax differences, permanent differences, temporary differences, price book value.

Taslim F.A.

  • THE INFLUENCE OF ECONOMIC VALUE ADDED AND MARKET VALUE ADDED ON CORPORATE VALUE; pp. 90-98
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-02.10

Abstract and key words:

  • This research aims to determine the influence of economic value added and market value added on corporate value of manufacturing companies on sector consumer goods industry listed in Indonesia Stock Exchanges of 2011-2014. The sample of this research was 10 manufacturing companies on sector consumer goods industry listed in Indonesia Stock Exchanges. The method used was purposive sampling technique. This research used confirmatory factor analysis to form a combined proxy of corporate value comprised price earning ratio, price to book value and Tobin's Q.
  • Market, corporate value, technology, economy.

Asnawati, Wahyuni S.

  • THE INFLUENCE OF HEDONIC SHOPPING MOTIVATION TO THE IMPULSE BUYING OF ONLINE-SHOPPING CONSUMER ON INSTAGRAM; pp. 99-107
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-02.11

Abstract and key words:

  • This research aims to know the influence of Adventure Shopping, Relaxation Shopping, Value Shopping, Social Shopping and Idea Shopping variables to the variable of Impulse Buying of Online-Shopping Consumer on Instagram. The type of the research is explanatory research. The result of F-test showed that Fcount (12.829) > Ftable (2.669) which meant that research variables had influences to the Impulse Buying. With partial correlation value of 0.548, Idea Shopping variable became the dominant factor influencing Impulse Buying on the online-shopping purchase on Instagram.
  • Hedonic shopping, impulse buying, online shopping, Instagram.

Endayani F., Musadieq M.A., Afrianty T.W.

  • THE EFFECT OF QUALITY OF WORK-LIFE AND MOTIVATION ON EMPLOYEE ENGAGEMENT WITH JOB SATISFACTION AS AN INTERVENING VARIABLE; pp. 108-114
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-02.12

Abstract and key words:

  • This study aims to analyze the effect of quality of work-life  and work motivation on employee engagement and job satisfaction as an intervening variable. Quality of work-life is the foundation which determines the level of satisfaction and engagement in an organization. Explanatory research with a quantitative approach was conducted on a private university in Malang with 74 respondents. This study uses Path Analysis to examine research data. It is found that the motivation provided by the university towards the lecturer, such as job security, reward, and spirit, can increase the satisfaction and engagement. Similarly for job satisfaction, the relationship between colleagues and a comfortable working environment can create lecturers' engagement in the institution.
  • Quality, work motivation, job satisfaction, employee, engagement.

Hanopia B.L., Surasni N.K., Hidayati S.A.

  • INVESTMENT DEPOSITS DECISION-MAKING IN BANK: A BEHAVIORAL FINANCE PERSPECTIVE; pp. 115-124
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-02.13

Abstract and key words:

  • This research was conducted using behavioral finance theories. The objectives of this research was to analyze influencing factors of investment deposits decision-making for the depositor, and to analyze the most dominant factor of investment deposits decision-making in Bank NTB of Pejanggik Principle Branches. The instrument of this research was questionnaire with the total sample of 90 respondents who were the deposit customers. The research results show that deposits’ interest, gain and cost, feelings of disappointment and satisfaction, worries, reluctances, good companies, budget allocation, self-control, net interest income, belief in net interest income, overestimate and underestimate are factors influencing investment deposits decision-making in Bank NTB of Pejanggik Principle Branches. Dominant factors determining investment deposits decision-making are deposits cost, interest and feelings of satisfaction, budget allocation, overestimate and self-control. Those factors are included in the factor group of deposits cost.
  • Behavioral finance, investment, decision-making, deposit, bank.

Nasution L.Z.

  • ISSUES AND CHALLENGES FOR DEVELOPING CORPORATE SUKUK: LESSONS FROM AN INDONESIAN CASE STUDY; pp. 125-141
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-02.14

Abstract and key words:

  • This research is trying to find the issues, challenges, and strategies development of corporate sukuk in Indonesia. This objective arises because the level of supply and demand for corporate sukuk in Indonesia is still prolonged. This case in Indonesia is almost similar to cases in some countries, especially in Asian countries that are making efforts to develop sukuk market. Based on the method of mapping and root problem analysis, this study found three problem structures inhibiting the growth rate of corporate sukuk in Indonesia. The first stage of the problem is a surface issue, namely: concerns of potential double taxation; lack of understanding from investors; lack of knowledge of the issuer; unparted investor base; less liquid in the secondary market; very complex publishing documents; the contract variation remains unclear. Seven issues of this first phase are caused by five sources of the second issue, namely: there is still the required information regarding the issuance of sukuk is asymmetric; unavailability of supporting profession; unavailability of supporting industries; costly issuance costs; complex sukuk structures. The third stage of the problem causes the first and second problems, also called the root of the slow growth of corporate sukuk in Indonesia, namely: low socialization and education and the limited human resources of capital market actors concerning sukuk. On the three structures of the problem, the proposed development strategy sukuk corporations in Indonesia consist of two priority suggestions, namely:  increasing socialization and education on corporate sukuk and clarify rules on corporate sukuk, related to rules on supporting institutions, contract structure, human resources, and administration. This result can be a reference to create the right strategy to encourage the growth of corporate sukuk in the long term. This research is also beneficial as a pilot development of corporate sukuk in several countries with cases and characters that are almost similar to Indonesia.
  • Corporate sukuk, corporate growth, socialization, education, sukuk rules.

Agustina F., Yulia, Astuti R.P.

  • ANALYSIS OF SUPPLY CHAIN NETWORKING FOR MUNTOK WHITE PEPPER IN THE PROVINCE OF BANGKA BELITUNG ISLANDS; pp. 142-147
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-02.15

Abstract and key words:

  • This study aims to describe and analyze the supply chain of muntok white pepper in the province of Bangka Belitung Islands. Site selection is done purposively with consideration that South Bangka Regency is the center of production and main supplier of white pepper. The results show that there are three channels of pepper marketing: channel I - farmers sell to village-level collectors, then to district-level collectors, then the district traders sell to exporters; channel II - farmers sell to district-level collector merchants from subsequent districts directly to exporters; channel III - farmers sell directly to exporters. Farmer’s share value obtained by farmers is 66.7%.
  • Supply chain, muntok white pepper, margin, farmer’s share.

Irwan

  • ANALYSIS OF ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE, COMPETENCE AND WORK MOTIVATION: THE EFFECT ON SATISFACTION AND PERFORMANCE OF GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES OF PAREPARE; pp. 148-155
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-02.16

Abstract and key words:

  • The purpose of this study is to analyze: the effect of organizational culture, competence, and motivation towards the satisfaction of local government employees of Parepare; the effect of organizational culture, competence, and motivation towards the performance of local government employees of Parepare; the effect of job satisfaction towards the performance of local government employees of Parepare. The population of this study is all local government employees of Parepare. The samples are 343 respondents which are based on Slovin formula. The method used to analyze data is Structural Equation Model using AMOS 18. It is found that organizational culture and competence significantly give positive effect on the employees’ job satisfaction.
  • Organizational culture, competence, motivation, satisfaction, employee’s performance.

Saida Zainurossalamia Z.A., Heksarini A., Sudarsono S.

  • THE INFLUENCE OF ECO-AIRPORT AND MALL-AIRPORT CONCEPTS AND CULTURAL DISPLAY OF EAST BORNEO ON VISITORS’ SATISFACTION AT SULTAN AJI MUHAMMAD SULAIMAN AIRPORT BALIKPAPAN; pp. 156-164
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-02.17

Abstract and key words:

  • This research aimed to analyze the influence of eco-airport and mall-airport concepts and cultural display of East Borneo on visitors’ satisfaction at Sultan Aji Muhammad Sulaiman Airport Balikpapan. The analysis tool was Smart-PLS 3.0 and the research method was quantitative method of path analysis. The result of the research showed that eco-airport and mall-airport concepts and cultural display of East Borneo had positive and significant influence on visitors’ satisfaction at Sultan Aji Muhammad Sulaiman Airport Balikpapan with the contribution of R-square value 78,3%.
  • Eco-airport, mall-airport, display, visitor, satisfaction.

Finanda Y.D., Lutfi

  • THE INFLUENCE OF EMPLOYEE JOB SATISFACTION AND SERVICE QUALITY ON PROFITABILITY IN PT. BANK JATIM: CUSTOMER SATISFACTION AS THE INTERVENING VARIABLE; pp. 165-169
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-02.18

Abstract and key words:

  • This research aimed to examine the influence of employee job satisfaction and service quality on profitability in PT. Bank Jatim, in which customer satisfaction was the intervening variable. According to literature review, the hypothesis of the research stated that employee job satisfaction and service quality influenced the profitability of the Bank and customer satisfaction as intervening variable proved to affect the relationship between independent variable and dependent variable. The data of the research were collected by using questionnaire from respondents that consisted of 92 permanent employees of PT. Bank Jatim in Gresik City. The technique of hypothesis testing was performed by using Multiple Regression Analysis (MRA) and Path Analysis using SPSS 24 statistical application. The findings of the research indicated that employee job satisfaction and service quality have positive effect to profitability and customer satisfaction was shown as intervening variable. Specifically, this research found that employee satisfaction and service quality will improve the profitability of the company.
  • Job satisfaction, service quality, customer satisfaction, profitability.

Suraji, Putra A.B., Embi M.A.

  • THE DEVELOPMENT OF REGIONAL EXPANSION APPARATUS RESOURCE PLACEMENT IN INDONESIA; pp. 170-178
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-02.19

Abstract and key words:

  • This study aimed to describe, analyze and deeply assess the implementation of regional apparatus resource development into new areas of regional expansion in Indonesia. The research was conducted by using qualitative approach, specifically, case study by analyzing descriptive data in the form of interviews, as well as analyzing valid data documentation to support the research problem. This research was conducted in the new area of Pangandaran Regency of West Java, Indonesia. The results of the research could map that there were still very few development programs of regional and apparatus expansion and it had not become the priority program after the expansion; the target of improving the quality of the apparatus resource appeared not to be the main measure, but rather, the main measure was the structuring of the apparatus and the issue of the regional office infrastructure; the instruments used in the development and training process were also less supportive, it caused many stagnant employees did not understand about new issues in the dynamics of work; apparatus development through training activities and scientific forums (seminars, scientific discussions), workshops and improvements was obstructed due to budget constraints.
  • Development, apparatus, resource placement, regional expansion.

Eviyanti Y.N., Suhartono, Kristijadi E.

  • THE EFFECT OF CREDIT RISK ON BANK PROFITABILITY WITH EFFICIENCY AS THE INTERVENING VARIABLE; pp. 179-186
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-02.20

Abstract and key words:

  • This research is based on a bank, a law entity in which one of the main activities is lending. This study aims to analyze the credit risk, i.e. non-performing loan and allowance for impairment losses towards the profitability represented by bank return on asset with operating expense to operating income as the intervening variable. The technique of data analysis is statistical descriptive analysis of research variable, multiple regression analysis and path analysis which aim to measure the effect of intervening variable. The results of this study show that Non-performing loan ratio has positive and significant effect on operating expense to operating income efficiency ratio, ratio allowance for impairment losses has positive, but not significant effect on operating expense to operating income efficiency.
  • Credit risk, profitability, efficiency, intervening variable.

Navy S.K., Iramani R.

  • THE EFFECT OF GOOD CORPORATE GOVERNANCE, CAPITAL ADEQUACY, LIQUIDITY AND NON-PERFORMING LOAN ON BANK PROFITABILITY IN INDONESIA; pp. 187-195
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-02.21

Abstract and key words:

  • This study aims to examine the effect of Good Corporate Governance, capital adequacy, liquidity, and non-performing loans to bank profitability in Indonesia in 2008-2016. The independent variables in this study are Good Corporate Governance assessed by its inverse value, capital adequacy represented by Capital Adequacy Ratio, liquidity represented by Loan to Deposit Ratio, and non-performing loans represented by Non-Performing Loan. Dependent variable in this research is profitability represented by Return on Asset and Return on Equity. This present study uses firm size control variables proxied by logarithm natural total asset (LnTA). The samples of this study are 10 banks with the largest total assets in Indonesia. The researcher uses data from bank annual report in 2008-2016 published on the website of each bank. This research is examined by using multiple linier regression analysis technique.
  • Bank, loan, profitability, assets, Indonesia.

Sumargo

  • THE CORRELATION OF CORPORATE CULTURE, INTERPERSONAL RELATION AND PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL SYSTEM TO OBJECTIVITY OF PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL IN COMPANY; pp. 196-207
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-02.22

Abstract and key words:

  • The purposes of this study are: describing and analyzing the correlation of organizational culture, interpersonal relations, performance appraisal system to the objectivity of performance appraisal; arranging organization culture role model, interpersonal relation, the performance appraisal system towards improving the objectivity of performance appraisal. This study uses three questionnaires to find out information from the respondents, and based on multiple regression calculations with SPSS Windows Software. The results showed that organizational culture, interpersonal relationship and performance appraisal system significantly influence objectivity performance assessment in the company.
  • Organization culture, interpersonal relation, performance appraisal system, performance appraisal objectivity.

Maskur

  • THE INFLUENCE OF ENTREPRENEURIAL ORIENTATION ON BUSINESS STRATEGY AND PERFORMANCE OF MEDIUM-SMALL SCALE SASIRANGAN INDUSTRIES IN SOUTH KALIMANTAN PROVINCE; pp. 208-216
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-02.23

Abstract and key words:

  • This study aimed at investigating the direct influence of entrepreneurial orientation on business strategy and the performance of medium-small scale industries. This study was conducted to Sasirangan medium small scale industries in South Kalimantan. There were 83 samples used in this study that were chosen using the purposive sampling method from 3 cities or districts in South Kalimantan (Banjarmasin, Banjarbaru and Martapura). Data of this study were collected through observations, questionnaires and direct interview with medium small scale Sasirangan business owners using interview guidelines. Secondary data were obtained from the Government of South Kalimantan Province and other related institutions. The obtained data were analyzed using the GSCA (Generalized Structured Component Analysis). The results of the data analysis show that entrepreneurial orientation significantly and directly gives positive influence to business strategy and business performance of the industries. Furthermore, business strategy also appears to have direct positive and significant influence to the performance of the industries.
  • Business performance, business strategy, entrepreneurial orientation, South Kalimantan.

Afandi M., Suwarto, Lestari E.

  • PARTICIPATIVE MAINTENANCE OF UPSTREAM PUSUR SUB WATERSHED AREA THROUGH THE CONSERVATION FIELD SCHOOL IN MRIYAN VILLAGE OF BOYOLALI DISTRICT, INDONESIA; pp. 217-223
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-02.24

Abstract and key words:

  • This research is done to describe the process of participative maintenance by conservation field school the upstream area of Sub Watershed Pusur. This research used qualitative approach with descriptive strategy in Mriyan Villages Sub District Musuk District Boyolali. The data collection techniques used for research are interview method, focus group discussion and participative observation. The people of Mriyan’s support is actualized in the form of conservation field school, the effort and the decision making, that are actively in charge in social learning, net working, and maintaining the resource of thee people.
  • Conservation field school, participative maintenance, upstream area, sub watershed pusur, farmer. 

Pollo R., Sitompul S.M., Guritno B., Tyasmoro Y.S.

  • CROP GROWTH PARAMETERS OF GRAIN SORGHUM VARIETIES (SORGHUM BICOLOR (L.) MOENCH) AT DIFFERENT CROP SPACING; pp. 224-233
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-02.25

Abstract and key words:

  • This research aimed at determining morphology, yield and photosynthesis partition of sorghum varieties at different crop spacing had been done at Agro Techno Park of University of Brawijaya (East Java, Indonesia). Observations on crop growth parameters were performed for 4 times (25, 50, 75, and 100 days after planting) which consisted of total leaf area, specific leaf area, leaf area index, crop growth rate and net assimilation rate. The crop spacing of 70 cm x 25 cm proved to provide better value for most parameters, except for crop growth rate and specific leaf area which used 70 cm x 15 cm crop spacing.
  • Sorghum, crop spacing, crop growth, morphology.

Eka S.H., Fadholi M.R., Sanoesi E.

  • THE EFFECT OF IMMERSION LENGTH IN PAPAYA LEAF SOLUTION (CARICA PAPAYA L.) TOWARD FERTILIZATION AND HATCHING OF IRIDESCENT SHARKS (PANGASIANODON HYPOPHTHALMUS S.); pp. 234-238
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-02.26

Abstract and key words:

  • Iridescent sharks is one kind of freshwater fish that is quite economical. However, the availability of the fish eggs is rather problematic due to the hatcheries, i.e. the adhesive nature of the eggs. Papaya leaves contain papain enzymes that can reduce the adhesive nature of eggs. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of papaya leaf solution with different immersion period on the successful hatching of the iridescent sharks (P. hypophthalmus). This study was conducted experimentally using a complete randomized design. There were five treatments, i.e. (K) 0 seconds, (A) 30 seconds, (B) 60 seconds, (C) 90 seconds, (D) 120 seconds, and (E) 150 seconds with three-time repetition. The result of this study shows that the best hatching (80.31%) happens to the eggs immersed in papaya leaf solution for 60 seconds (treatment B).
  • Carica papaya, leaves, hatching, egss, Pangasianodon hypophthalmus.

Fanni N.A., Soeprijanto A., Fadholi M.R.

  • ABALONE (HALIOTIS SQUAMATA) ANESTHESIA WITH ETHANOL ON GRADING PROCESS; pp. 238-242
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-02.27

Abstract and key words:

  • An abalone is a group of marine molluscs that have high economic value. To increase abalone production, such cultivation needs to be done considering that abalone production still dominating. However, there are still obstacles in the cultivation which is the high mortality rates on the grading process of juvenile abalone. The fatality occurs due to the traditional grading process by gouging abalone to separate abalone that is attached to the substrate. The use of ethanol as an anesthetic material is expected to minimize the mortality and increase the survival rate of abalone. In this study, the use of ethanol by 30 ml/L as an anesthetic material can separate the abalone from its substrate 447.67 seconds faster than the dose of 10 ml/L. However, the 30 ml/L dose also showed the lowest survival rate of 86.67%. The best recovery test is at 10 ml/L with the fastest recovery time of 143.33 seconds which has a high survival rate of 98.33%. The success of anesthesia by using ethanol in this study can also be done in the grading process of abalone seed and can minimize death due to the traditional grading process.
  • Abalone, anesthesia, ethanol, Haliotis squamata.

Efrita E., Kurniati N., Feni R., Marwan E., Mufriantie F.

  • DETERMINANTS OF THE DOMESTIC RICE PRODUCTION FOR NEEDS OF POPULATION OF THE BENGKULU PROVINCE, INDONESIA; pp. 243-250
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-02.28

Abstract and key words:

  • The objective of this study is to analyze the determinants of the domestic rice production to meet the consumption needs of the population of Bengkulu Province of Indonesia. The data used are monthly time series data of the period from 2010 to 2015. The analytical method used is multiple linear regression model. The results of the analysis show that the domestic rice production is affected by the rice area harvested, the rainfall, the rainy days, and the time which is a proxy of the technological change. The people and the government need to be on alert for the decline in the potential land for rice fields, the increased rainfall, and the decreasing  rainy days that will affect the rice sufficiency in Bengkulu Province.
  • Production, consumption, rice, population, Indonesia.

Nurmalita D., Nasukib, Rumayasab I.G., Susenob A.

  • STUDY ON THE ABUNDANCE OF HETEROTROF BACTERIA ON LEAF LITTER MANGROVE IN COAST AREA SEDATI-SIDOARJO OF EAST JAVA; pp. 251-256
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-02.29

Abstract and key words:

  • Heterotrophic bacteria are responsible for degrading and recycling important elements such as carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus. Decomposers bacteria in mangroves litter, its existence has not been so much studied. Paper presents the results of study of the amount or abundance of rotting bacteria in the Avicennia marina, Sonneratia sp. and Rizopora apiculata on the coast of Sedati-Sidoarjo of East Java. Research method is experimental with field scale using Randomized Block Design or Randomized Complete Block Design by dividing the research for three blocks area, and statistics analysis with ANOVA. These results show that nearly 70% of mangroves in this area have been exposed or damaged. This is caused by human activities such as logging, opening of ponds and exposure of waves. The result of measurement of water quality parameter in this research ranged for pH 5.5-7.3, salinity 28-35, brightness 25-50 cm. Soil quality parameters are nitrite 0.143 mg/L, phosphate 0.160 mg/L, ammonia 2.05 mg/L, COD 80 mg/L and BOD 34 mg/L. Litter weight are 230.97 g/m2/year or 2.3 ton/ha/year in which leaf litter is the largest component of other organic waste. Waste production in this area is low compared to the result of Nurhasanah (1998) which reported 2.75 ton/ha/year. Statistics analysis with ANOVA showed significant difference between mangroves (p=0,000).
  • Hetrotrof bacteria, mangrove, Avicennia maria, Sonneratia sp., Rhizopora apiculata.

Laishevtcev A.I., Kapustin A.V., Palazyuk S.V., Matyash А.E.

  • ETIOLOGICAL STRUCTURE OF STREPTOCOCCOSIS OF PIGS IN VARIOUS REGIONS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION; pp. 257-260
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-02.30

Abstract and key words:

  • The paper presents the results of laboratory-diagnostic studies of 8 pig-breeding enterprises in various regions of the Russian Federation conducted to isolate pathogens of streptococcosis of pigs and determine their etiological structure. It was found that Streptococcus dysgalactiae and S. massiliensis circulated in 50% of the enterprises, Streptococcus porcinus, S. mutans and S. pyogenes in 37.5% of cases, Streptococcus agalactiae, S. gallolyticus, S. rubneri and S. uberis in 25% of cases, and Streptococcus iniae, S. lutetiensis, S. pneumoniae and S. suis in 12.5% of cases. The pathogenic properties of isolated cultures were identified on laboratory animals. Streptococcus dysgalactiae, S. porcinus, S. pyogenes and S. Sui have pathogenicity, which justifies the inclusion of these streptococci species in the antigenic composition of the vaccine for the specific prevention of pigs from streptococcosis.
  • Streptococcosis, coccal infection, biosafety, clinical signs, pathoanatomical changes, diagnosis, disease control, specific prophylaxis.

Qusairi A.

  • INCREASING NUTRITIONAL CONTENT OF ARTIFICIAL FEED WITH WHOLE SPORE PROTEIN OF MYXOBOLUS KOI AS AN IMMUNOSTIMULTANT ON GOLDFISH (CYPRINUS CARPIO L.); pp. 261-268
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-02.31

Abstract and key words:

  • The production of goldfish in Indonesia in 2010-2013 has increased by 7.09%, the lowest average production increase compared with other main commodities such as shrimp, tilapia, catfish, and others. One of the primary causes of the low increase in production is the presence of disease and high price of feed in some central goldfish productions. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of whole spore protein of Myxobolus koi on goldfish (Cyprinus carpio L.) through feed to immune response, growth rate, feed efficiency and survival rate. This research was conducted with complete randomized design with 5 replications. This study used two types of treatment, control (100% artificial feed) and artificial feed + immunostimulant (whole spore protein of Myxobolus koi + Boster® Progol adhesive spores). The results showed that whole spore protein of Myxobolus koi given to the feed as immunostimulant can cause response of the immune through the increase of monocytes and lymphocytes in white blood cells on days 7, 14 and 28 observations, daily growth rate of 5.55% compared without immunostimulant with the rate of 1.13%; feed efficiency of 36.57% compared with no immunostimulant, which is only 23.84%, and the treatment gives a 99% survival rate.
  • Myxobolus koi, Cyprinus carpio, growth rate, feed efficiency, survival rate.

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