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RJOAS: Russian Journal of Agricultural and Socio-Economic Sciences

ISSN 2226-1184 (Online)

RJOAS is awarded the DOAJ Seal of Approval for Open Access Journals!

ISSUE 12(72), December 2017

Full-cover issue: PDF, 16.5 Mb (download)

Table of Content

Surip N., Pawirosumarto S., Liestijati F.

  • THE EFFECT OF PRODUCTS, PRICE AND SERVICE QUALITY ON CUSTOMER SATISFACTION IN “RICE FOR THE POORS” PROGRAM; pp. 6-18
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.01

Abstract and key words:

  • This study aimed to determine and analyze the partial influence of product variables, price and service quality on consumer satisfaction in Indonesian government’s “Rice for the Poors” (“Beras Miskin”, abbreviated as “Raskin”) program, as well as the influence of product variable, price and service quality simultaneously to customer satisfaction in the program. The sampling method used is proportionate stratified random sampling. The research is conducted in West Bandung regency, Jawa Barat (West Java) Province with a population of 86.908 RTS-PM, and data collection was conducted on October 2015. The method of analysis used in this research is the analysis of correlation and linear regression. The results of the study conclude that the variable of product, price and quality of service simultaneously or partially possess positive and significant effect on consumer satisfaction in Raskin program. The service quality is one of the strong variables that influence the consumer satisfaction, followed by price and product variables.
  • Service quality, consumer, satisfaction, raskin program.

Acquah De-Graft H.

  • APPLICATION OF QUANTILE REGRESSION TO ASYMMETRIC PRICE TRANSMISSION ESTIMATION: INSIGHTS FROM MONTE CARLO SIMULATIONS; pp. 19-24
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.02

Abstract and key words:

  • Paper introduces and compares performances of Quantile regression approach to the conventional Ordinary Least Squares methods for estimation of asymmetric price transmission model when the true data generating process is known. Monte Carlo simulation results indicate that the estimates of the coefficients of the asymmetric price transmission model derived from the Least squares and the Quantile regression approaches are accurate and equivalent or close to their true values for normal data regardless of variability in sample size. Least squares method is affected by outliers and yields inaccurate estimates of the coefficients of the asymmetric price transmission model across various sample sizes when the data contains outliers. Quantile regression estimation remains robust to outliers in large samples and provides estimates of the coefficients of the asymmetric price transmission model that are accurate and nearly equivalent to their true values. The evidence from Monte Carlo experimentation suggests that the proposed Quantile regression estimation is likely to do no worse than the OLS with normal dataset and promise to do better when the dataset has outliers within the asymmetric price transmission modelling context.
  • Monte Carlo Simulation, Quantile Regression Estimation, Granger and Lee Asymmetry, Ordinary Least Squares Estimation, outlier.

Dewi R., Ramdhani D.

  • HOW ARE THE EFFECTS OF PROFITABILITY AND CAPITAL STRUCTURE ON STOCK RETURN WITH INFLATION AS A MODERATION VARIABLE? pp. 25-32
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.03

Abstract and key words:

  • This study aims to determine the effect of profitability and capital structure on stock return with inflation as a moderation variable; thus, it can reveal the strength or the weakness of the effect on stock return. Furthermore, financial statement data in this present research consist of 120 data from five manufacturing industry companies using method of analysis of General Linear Model. The result of this research is that profitability gives effect on increasing stock return of company and also the high capital structure increases company’s stock return. Moreover, this study also reveals that inflation can moderate both profitability toward stock return and capital structure toward stock return. On the other hand, investor can see the three variables as a consideration for investment decision making.
  • Capital structure, inflation, profitability, stock return.

Ramadhani R., Sudarma M., Achsin M.

  • EFFECT OF QUALITY CONTROL SYSTEM ON AUDIT QUALITY WITH PROFESSIONAL COMMITMENTS AS A MODERATION VARIABLE; pp. 33-41
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.04

Abstract and key words:

  • This study aims to test the effect of every element of Quality Control System (QCS) that is leadership responsibilities for quality on audit, relevant ethical requirements, acceptance and continuance of client relationships and certain engagements, assignment of engagement team, engagement performance, monitoring, and documentation on audit quality as well as to test whether the professional commitment moderate effect of every element of QCS on audit quality. The population was the staff auditors working in public accounting firms domiciled in Jakarta City, especially Central Jakarta area with the drawing of 84 respondents. The statistical method used was SEM PLS with the help of SmartPLS application. The results of this study indicate that from seven elements of QCS, only relevant ethical requirements that affect on audit quality. Furthermore, the study also found that professional commitment cannot moderate the relationship between the seven elements of QCS on audit quality.
  • Quality control system, audit quality, professional commitment.

Yuniati S., Syah T.Y.R., Darmansyah, Erni N.

  • MARKETING STRATEGY IN STARTUP BUSINESS OF HOUSEKEEPER PROVIDER; pp. 42-53
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.05

Abstract and key words:

  • Generally, housekeepers are poor rural women whose education is very limited to Primary School (SD) or even are not educated. There are a few of them who graduate from Junior High School (SMP), even graduate from Senior High School (SMA). The limitation in education makes the housekeepers carry out only routine work, especially in the household. The following analysis is conducted to find marketing strategy at startup business of housekeeper provider at PT. Citra Insan Terampil. The analysis of the research uses strategic management. The process of strategic management consists of three stages: strategy formulation, strategy implementation, and strategy evaluation. PT. Citra Insan Terampil is a professional certified, adaptable, and integrity housekeeper provider. To get a qualified housekeeper, PT. Citra Insan Terampil recruits the prospective housekeeper, trains the housekeeper, certifies to the housekeeper who has graduated from training, markets the housekeeper, distributes and conducts gradual evaluation in the after sales.
  • Strategy, marketing, business, housekeeper.

Novikov S.V., Sorokin A.E.

  • METHODS FOR EVALUATING THE EFFICIENCY OF YOUTH POLICY ACTIVITIES; pp. 54-57
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.06

Abstract and key words:

  • Within the framework of main areas of youth policy implementation the conditions necessary for the successful socialization of young people are created. In this regard, the macro-level indicator for youth activities is the area of the youth policy where it is implemented. Linking to the specific areas of youth policy implementation allows for the creation of a system of activities that would enable operation of the areas that are most relevant to the field in which youth policy activities are implemented, as well as consideration the criteria and indicators developed to date in order to assess the efficiency of youth policy. Thus, the proposed material is based on the activities held by student associations involved in the competitive selection of the development programs of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation. The article outlines the methods for evaluating the efficiency of youth policy activities and proposes measures to improve the performance of institutions of higher education that are falling behind in this area.
  • Student associations, youth policy, institutions of higher education, student association development programs, information coverage, performance evaluation procedure.

Susanto B.N., Syah T.Y.R.

  • ANALYSIS OF SOCIAL NORM IN PERSONAL TAXPAYERS’ COMPLIANCE; pp. 58-71
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.07

Abstract and key words:

  • Present research aims to prove: the effect of social norm on compliance; the effect of the taxpayers’ awareness on compliance; the effect of social norm on private norm; the effect of private norm on tax compliance; the effect of private norm on the tax justice system; the effect of the perception of the tax justice system on government trusts; the effect of government trust on compliance; the dominant variable affecting taxpayers compliance registered in South Jakarta. In this research, to analyze and to know the significant level and interrelationship between variables, analysis method of Structural Equation Model (SEM) is used. With this method it can be seen the effects and the relationships between exogenous and endogenous variables associated to researched problems. In this study 280 respondents were obtained by visiting taxpayers, taxpayer consultation to tax office and through socialization as well as tax counseling, with data used in the analysis of 250 respondents with dissemination covering gender, age, status, education level, and income. From the result of H1-H6 research, there is no effect because the result of analyst does not support hypothesis. However, H7 shows the results of the analysis support the hypothesis that the perception of justice can be especially important in tax compliance.
  • Social norm, taxpayer compliance, private norm, justice.

Wijaya E.C., Ludigdo U., Rachman A.F.

  • MEDIATION EARNING PER SHARE IN INFLUENCING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FINANCIAL RATIOS, COMPANY SIZE AND OPERATING CASH FLOW TO STOCK RETURN; pp. 72-80
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.08

Abstract and key words:

  • This research focuses on examining the influence of financial ratios using several variables (net profit margin, return on equity, debt to equity ratio, current ratio, price to book value, total asset turnover), firm size and operating cash flow to stock return through mediation earning per share in manufacturing companies. This research uses the financial statements of manufacturing companies for 7 years (2008-2014) with purposive sampling method and obtained 38 samples of manufacturing companies. This research is classified as a quantitative research with analytical method used is path analysis. The results of this research indicate that net profit margin, total asset turnover, debt to equity ratio, and firm size directly affect the variable earnings per share. While the results of path analysis explained that earnings per share indirectly mediate the relationship between net profit margin, total asset turnover, debt equity ratio, and firm size to stock return variables.
  • Financial ratios, company size, operating cash flow, stock return, path analysis.

Zainul M.

  • THE EFFECT OF ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE AND WORKING ENVIRONMENT ON EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE: STUDY ON THE EXAMPLE OF PRINTING COMPANY; pp. 81-85
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.09

Abstract and key words:

  • The main objective of this research is to examine and analyze how the organizational culture influences on the performance of the employees of Banjarmasin Post Group, and find out how the work environment has influence on the performance of its employees. Involved sample in this studies are 100 employees across all departments. The proposed model indicates that it can deliver the dependent variable by 71% by the quite strong relation at 0.846. The finding indicates that significant effect is occurred on working environment while the organizational culture doesn’t contribute any significant effect on employee performance. However, the simultaneous effect indicates that both variables were affecting employee performance.
  • Employee, engagement, print business, performance, organization.

Polukhina M.G., Panarina V.I., Zhilina L.N., Shevaldova T.V.

  • RURAL TOURISM AS ONE OF THE ELEMENTS OF VILLAGES' SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT; pp. 86-92
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.10

Abstract and key words:

  • At present, special attention is paid to the diversification of the rural economy, to the development of non-agricultural activities, employment expansion and incomes increase of the rural population on this basis. Existence of the large number of unemployed rural populations and the non-availability of possibilities to create more jobs cause combination of negative social and economic affects. One of the alternative employment ways is rural tourism. The developed rural tourism positively affects: the creation of new jobs, involvement and consolidation of youth in rural areas, growth of employment and reducing migration, increasing tax revenues to the local and regional budgets, social development of rural areas, rational use of natural resources, preservation of cultural heritage and folk crafts. The results of the study showed that there is decrease of rural population number, and the reduction of villages in Russia. However, in some regions of the Central Federal District, local authorities pay special attention to the development of rural tourism. Although there are still many unsolved problems for the development of this kind of activity. The conducted SWOT-analysis allowed determining the main directions of tourism development in rural areas of the Russian Federation.
  • Economy, tourism, rural areas, state support, grant support.

Fina Y., Arifin Z., Mawardi M.K.

  • THE INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL CAPITAL AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP ORIENTATION ON BUSINESS STRATEGY AND PERFORMANCE OF MICRO, SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES: A STUDY IN TIMOR TENGAH UTARA; pp. 93-99
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.11

Abstract and key words:

  • This research aims to explain the Influence of Social Capital, Entrepreneurship Orientation on Business Strategy and Performance of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME). The population of this study - owners and/or managers of MSME furniture processing industry and traditional weaving industry in district of Timor Tengah Utara with a sample of 40 respondents. Sampling technique is done using simple random sampling. The analysis data technique used in this research is Partial Least Square approach. The results of this study indicate that social capital and entrepreneurship orientation have a significant effect on the business strategy and performance of MSME.
  • Social capital, entrepreneurship orientation, business strategy, performance.

Astakhova E., Alekseeva N.

  • THE BUDGET ANALYSIS OF THE REGION’S DEVELOPMENT TRENDS; pp. 100-106
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.12

Abstract and key words:

  • Financial basis of state authorities and local self-governments in the social and economic development is the country's budget system. The budgetary policy planning, first of all should take into account attention to ensuring financial and social stability. One of the components of the budget system of the Russian Federation is the local budget. The main purpose of the local budget is to accumulate financial resources that come from various sources eliminating management. This article is an analysis of the Vladivostok City’s structure and dynamics of revenues and expenditures of the budget for the period of 2014-2016.
  • Municipal budget, budget process, budget revenues, budget expenditures, deficit, surplus.

Trisnawati N., Baridwan Z., Hariadi B.

  • INFORMATION SYSTEM QUALITY INFLUENCE ON ORGANIZATION PERFORMANCE: A MODIFICATION OF TECHNOLOGY-BASED INFORMATION SYSTEM ACCEPTANCE AND SUCCESS MODEL; pp. 107-114
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.13

Abstract and key words:

  • This study aims to examine the effect of information system quality on technology-based accounting information systems usage and their impact on organizational performance on local government. This study is based on Technology Acceptance Model (TAM), IS Success Model, and the success of technology-based information systems. This study is a combination of previous studies conducted by Seddon and Kiew (1997), Saeed and Helm (2008), and DeLone and McLean (1992). This study used survey method and took 101 respondents from accounting staff working in Malang and Mojokerto regencies. This study uses Partial Least Square to examine research data. Research result exhibits information system qualities affecting benefit perception and user satisfaction. Technology-based accounting information systems usage in local government is influenced by benefits perception and user satisfaction. Research result concluded that technology-based accounting information systems usage will affect the performance of local government organizations.
  • Organization performance, system usage, Technology Acceptance Model, IS Success Model.

Shashlo N.V.

  • DETERMINANTS OF ENSURING OF THE AGRO-INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISES' ECONOMIC SECURITY; pp. 115-118
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.14

Abstract and key words:

  • The article explores theoretical approaches to determining the essence of the category of economic security of an enterprise. Approaches to the definition of the essence of economic security - strategic, resource-functional, market, competitive, harmonized, protective, deductive, systemic and criminal. The system of economic security of the enterprise is considered as part of the management system aimed at countering external and internal threats to the functioning of the enterprise. A comprehensive approach was developed, within which the structure of the enterprise's economic security system was formed. The components of the economic security system are the subjects of the system, resources, the organizational and legal basis for the construction and functioning of the economic security system, the mechanisms for managing the system, the mechanisms for strategic interaction, technologies, methods and means for ensuring economic security. In order to assess threats and counteract them, it is suggested to conduct diagnostics with the definition of the aggregate criterion of the impact of a threat on the economic security of an enterprise.
  • Enterprise, economic security, resources, risk, threat, strategy, counteraction, danger.

Ulko S.A., Dmitrenko D.A., Korneyko O.V.

  • DETECTION OF STATISTICAL REGULARITIES OF THE RUSSIAN ECONOMY DEVELOPMENT; pp. 119-123
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.15

Abstract and key words:

  • Science-based approaches to effective forecasting and planning aimed at minimizing all threats in the socio-economic sphere should be developed in order to increase the contribution to Russia’s economic security and the welfare of the country. Studies concerning the meaningful social and economic processes, developing and evolving over time, can help to identify the general patterns of our country’s socio-economic development. The purpose of the article is to formulate equations of the analytical dependence of various indicators for forecasting the development of the Russian economy in the future. The methodology used in the study is based on the plotting of chained and basic characteristics of time series, the calculation of mean characteristics of time series, the forecasting of indicators based on chain substitutions, and the trend. The result of the study is the plotting of trend lines for average monthly salaries, per capita cash incomes and inflation rate in the country. On the basis of the results obtained, the main threats to Russia’s economic security were identified.
  • Economic security, economic development, trend model, threats.

Lamba’ R.A., Djamhuri A., Andayani W.

  • THE PUBLIC SECTOR AUDIT EXPECTATIONS GAP IN INDONESIA: PAPUA PROVINCE; pp. 124-133
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.16

Abstract and key words:

  • This study aims to examine the opinions of public sector auditors with the perceptions of users of financial statements on audited reports in Papua province. The population in this study is the external auditor of the public sector represented by BPK, the users of the financial statements represented by the DPR, Local Government (Pemda), and the Community (Accounting Students, KAP) existing in Jayapura City of Papua Province. Sampling method using survey method with sampling tool changed the questionnaire that spread in four categories of respondents.
  • Expectation Gap, accountability, audit concepts, users of financial statements.

Coker A.A.A., Alabi O.O.

  • TREND AND DETERMINANTS OF STRUCTURAL TRANSFORMATION IN NIGERIA’S AGRICULTURE SECTOR; pp. 134-142
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.17

Abstract and key words:

  • Recently, transformation from farm to non-farm activities has been associated with numerous developing and under-developed economies of the world. This article therefore explores the trend and determinants of structural transformation in Nigeria’s agriculture sector. The study employed secondary data, descriptive and inferential statistics to reach its conclusion. While the trend data reveals a declining and increasing share of the agriculture and service sectors in employment respectively, suggesting a glimpse of transformation, the vector error correction model showed that there were no significant determinants of structural transformation in the agriculture sector among the independent variables in the model; thus raising questions as to whether the transformation trend observed was due to chance. While suggesting further work to ascertain the true nature of transformation and to identify its actual determinants, we recommend increased technological change, specialization, enhanced efficiency and improvement of human capital and institutions within Nigeria’s agriculture sector to sustain and fully unearth the transformation process.
  • Structural transformation, agriculture sector, service sector, Nigeria, technological change, efficiency, institutions.

Konvisarova E.V., Levchenko T.A.

  • RUSSIAN REPOSITORY ESSENCE AND DEVELOPMENT PERSPECTIVES; pp. 143-147
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.18

Abstract and key words:

  • The development of the OTC market for derivative financial instruments requires increased control and supervision, since derivatives are classified as high-risk financial instruments. After the global financial crisis of 2008, representatives of the countries with the greatest influence on the world economy gathered at the G-20 Summit. Within the framework of the summit, a list of measures was developed to prevent new cases of crises involving derivatives. The establishment of the trade repository institute is one of the main measures for the OTC market of derivative financial instruments’ control and supervision. The scientific work is devoted to the study of the Russian trade repository. The article describes the essence of the trade repository, prerequisites for establishing and prospecting direction for the Russian trade repository system development.
  • Trade repository, clearing, derivatives, netting, finance.

Sabilana A., Muluk M.R.K., Setyowati E.

  • PERFORMANCE-BASED BUDGETING AS THE REALIZATION OF FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT REFORMATION IN MALANG CITY; pp. 148-154
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.19

Abstract and key words:

  • The development of performance-based budgeting is a challenging program to adminster, such as the issues experienced by Malang city. Thus, it is considered necessary to conduct a thorough analysis on the performance-based budgeting conducted by Malang. This study employed a descriptive qualitative study. The result of this study shows that the budgeting conducted by Malang city has been done on time and integratively as an attempt to realize the budgeting based on performance. Some parameters were used to implement this program, including minimum standard service, minimum price per item, and performance indicator. However, Malang city has not yet owned a standard budgeting analysis. Factors that influence the implementation of performance-based budgeting are environmental factors (social, culture, economy, politics), resource planning, the advancement of the system, the development of information and technology, and funding. It is expected that the central government distribute the funding on time in order to help the local governemnt of Malang city to design the budgeting plan within the scheduled time. The design of the standard budgeting analysis (ASB) should be well-designed to support the implementation of the performance-based budgeting.
  • Performance-based budgeting, local government, financial indicators, management, reformation.

Rahmawiliyanti, Hanani N., Anindita R., Syafrial

  • THE ABILITY OF INDONESIA COCOA BEANS IN FULFILLING THE DOMESTIC NECESSITY OF INTERMEDIATE PROCESSED COCOA INDUSTRY; pp. 155-160
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.20

Abstract and key words:

  • Intermediate processed cocoa and chocolate industries in the world show increasing because the chocolate products consumption is growing at a very strong pace. Indonesia is a country with the potential to become the largest exporter of intermediate processed cocoa. The objectives of this research are: to analyze the ability of production of domestic cocoa beans to meet the demand for intermediate processed cocoa industry; to analyze the factors that influence the demand for cocoa beans to produce cocoa paste, cocoa butter and cocoa powder. This research uses simultaneous equation model with 2SLS method. This study states that the cocoa beans necessity required by industry of cocoa paste, cocoa butter and cocoa powder can be fulfilled by domestic production of cocoa beans. Cocoa beans demand for cocoa paste industry is influenced by wages, cocoa beans demand for cocoa butter and cocoa powder industries. Cocoa beans demand to produce cocoa butter is affected by world cocoa price, interest rate, cocoa beans demand for cocoa paste and cocoa powder industries.
  • Production, demand, cocoa beans, cocoa butter, cocoa paste, cocoa powder.

Jiang G., Krasova E.V.

  • RESEARCH OF THE PROFIT’S ESSENCE AS ECONOMIC CATEGORY ON THE EXAMPLE OF AGRICULTURAL ENTERPRISES; pp. 161-166
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.21

Abstract and key words:

  • Research of the essence and nature of profits is the oldest question that the world economic science is studying till present days. Scientists of various fields and scientific schools have made a significant contribution to researches of profit’s nature; however, modern life again raises this issue. The main scientific and practical problem of the article is the incompleteness in the process of cognizing the nature of profit, its practical importance for enterprises. The purpose of the article is to study the profit’s nature and discover its essence on the basis of existing concepts and on the example of agricultural enterprises as the most important representatives of real sector of economy. The methodological basis of the research is the theses of classical economic theory, neoinstitutionalism, modern finance theory, fundamental foundations of the enterprise’s economy, theory of modern accounting. In the article, relevance of the research’s subject is considered, excursion into the history of research of profit’s essence is made, a number of definitions of category «profit» are studied, and classification of profit’s types for agricultural enterprises is given. Also, the article highlights the functions and factors that influence the formation of profit (on the example of agricultural production), presents a simple algorithm for calculating profits, which does not infringe any of the existing profit’s concepts.
  • Profit, profit’s essence, profit’s nature, financial results.

Konvisarova E.V., Levchenko T.A., Dolgorukova V.I., Nesterenko M.S.

  • ATTRACTING OF FOREIGN INVESTMENTS FOR NATIONAL ECONOMY THROUGH THE EMISSION OF EUROBONDS; pp. 167-170
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.22

Abstract and key words:

  • Foreign investments are an important resource for the development of the Russian economy both at the macro level and at the branch level. This is especially important in the current political conditions, when anti-Russian sanctions actually deprived domestic financial and non-financial companies of the possibility of obtaining loans abroad on favorable terms. Moreover, there are unfavorable trends in foreign direct investment observed. All these options are stimulated the business community to find new, promising methods of attracting investments. One of them is using of Eurobonds. Eurobond loans are quickly gaining popularity, which determines the need to monitor the Eurobond market. In this scientific work was analyzed the volume and structure of Eurobond loans issued in Russia. Particular attention was paid to the issue of Eurobond loans by the largest Russian banking organizations and industrial companies. The conducted research made it possible to draw a conclusion about the importance of Eurobonds for the Russian loan market, to identify the directions of the positive and negative impact of Eurobond loans on the Russian economy and the activities of individual economic entities. The results of the research can be used to form investment strategies by financial and non-financial organizations.
  • Foreign investments, Eurobonds, capital, currency, bond issue, bond redemption.

Leshcheva Y., Komissarova V.

  • PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP AS A TOOL FOR IMPROVING RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT SECTOR; pp. 171-179
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.23

Abstract and key words:

  • The article is devoted to the issues of scientific and innovative developments sector, foreign experience in solving insufficient financing problems through mechanisms of interaction between the state and business, and the use of this experience for Russia. Since international scientific and technical cooperation in the second half of the 20th and beginning of the 21st century has become the close attention subject of both individual states and influential international organizations, many countries are considering this form of cooperation, which has become an intersection of the science interests sphere, science and technology policy and foreign policy as an instrument for developing its own scientific potential and economic growth for a long-term perspective. The importance of the role that science and innovation play in determining the competitiveness of states, determining their place in the international division of labor, no one doubts. As for Russia, today everyone understands the need for speedy introduction of its economy into an innovative way of development, and it is impossible to do this without active development of science. The data analysis testifies to a certain increase in the expenditures of the federal budget on science. However, this increase is directed only at covering the costs of current items, but does not provide such expenditure items as acquisition of intangible assets, devices and equipment, overhaul of fixed assets.
  • Scientific and innovative sector, cooperation, competitiveness, labor, federal budget, research, development.

Huang Y., Wiepcke C., Astakhova E.

Abstract and key words:

  • Migration is one of the most complex social phenomena. Usually migration flows  are from less developed countries to more developed countries and, where there are quite favorable socio-economic conditions, namely - developed infrastructure, more high level of wages and working conditions, availability in the region affordable housing, transport accessibility, etc. Equilibrium in the labor market, reproduction of labor is a necessary condition for the full development of the economy. However, the available labor potential does not always correspond to the level of economic development orientation, so overcoming the deficit or excess of labor is the foundation in a dynamically developing economy, regardless of the type of socio-economic system. The analysis of the main trends in international migration is presented in the article. The changes in migration movements and in the foreign population of OECD Member countries are examined.
  • Labor, market, migration, OECD.

Setephani

  • MESSAGES OF LOGO CHANGE ON INSTAGRAM’S BRAND IMAGE; pp. 186-192
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.25

Abstract and key words:

  • Logo is a symbol representing the image of a company, something that shows the existence of a company; while rebranding is an attempt performed by the company to change totally or renew an existing brand in order to become better, rebranding is frequently identical with a brand logo change. In 2016, Instagram logo changes from the iconic with the white-brown polaroid to a simpler design but with a strikingly visible color. Change in the company's logo can have a positive or negative impact on the company's brand image. The objective of this study is to determine what message obtained from the logo changes made by Instagram brand image. On the other hand, this research method uses qualitative methods and semiotic analysis of Charles Sanders Peirce with data collection techniques using non-structured participatory observation techniques. The results show that the selection of colors and simple form used in the latest Instagram logo has strengthened the impression of spirit, dynamic, and transformation in a good direction on the brand image.
  • Communication, Instagram, logo, rebranding, semiotics.

Trisnanto K.A., Saleh C., Haryono B.S.

  • HOUSING REHABILITATION PROGRAM FOR POOR FAMILIES IN SUBURBAN AREAS: EVALUATION OF THE REGULATION OF THE SOUTH BARITO REGENT #8 OF 2015; pp. 193-198
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.26

Abstract and key words:

  • Poverty is a social issue that continuously challenges the government of Indonesia to find its solution. Since the enactment of regional autonomy, anti-poverty programs should not only run by the central government, but they are also under the responsibility of both provincial government as well as district government. The government of Central Kalimantan runs an anti-poverty program namely Mamanguri Tuntang Mahaga Lewu (PM2L) which puts the improvement of basic facilities into the priority including the housing rehabilitation program. In order to implement the program, the government of South Barito has arranged a technical guideline to run the program as stated in the Regulation of South Barito Regent #8 of 2015 about the Guideline of Housing rehabilitation Program for Poor Families in Suburban Areas PM2L of 2015. This evaluation study is a descriptive study, employing a qualitative research approach. The result of this study shows that the program has not yet optimally administered since there was no certain standard operating procedure available and some activities were not done within the arranged schedule. Fortunately, the result of the housing rehabilitation program has been considered optimal for it has fulfilled all of the criteria set in this study. The program has brought direct effect - rehabilitated poor families’ houses, and indirect effect - improving the neighborhood’s awareness to help each other. Besides, the families were required to provide some additional money to rehabilitate their houses.
  • Policy evaluation, housing rehabilitation, poor families, suburban areas, PM2L.

Ivanova O., Astakhova E.

Abstract and key words:

  • Education is an important component of social and economic development. Company represented by the public, corporate, private sector households across the demand for professionals in the goal-setting exercise education. This article analyzes the principles of the education in the market economy. The types of market structures at the education market in the conditions of high schools competition are considered.
  • Education, economics, university's competitiveness, human capital.

Sun’an M., Husen A.

  • HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION BEHAVIOR IN TERNATE, INDONESIA; pp. 206-213
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.28

Abstract and key words:

  • This study aims to analyze the influence of lifestyle, age, size of household, environment, and income on household consumption behavior; test the suitability or deviation from the existing economic theories; select existing regional macroeconomic policies. The study involves families in Ternate City of North Maluku Province. The data analysis is done using a multiple linear regression model. The results show that lifestyle, age, size of household, environment, and income have an effect on household consumption behavior. However, lifestyle, age, and environment have a negative effect on household consumption. This indicates that families in Ternate City want to arrange or make an inter-time choice to consumption in the future. In addition, these lifestyle changes have implications for changes in taste, habits, and purchasing behavior (consumption patterns).
  • Household consumption, lifestyle, age, household size, environment, income.

Kuzubov A.A.

  • THEORETICAL ASPECTS OF THE AGRARIAN ECONOMY’S INVESTMENT AND INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENT ANALYSIS; pp. 214-216
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.29

Abstract and key words:

  • Analytical calculations help to influence actively on economic processes of an economic entity mobilizing potential reserves of an increase in profitability and a return from invested capital. Also these calculations are the base for making economically grounded investment and innovative and management decisions. Results of economic analysis allow diagnosing and controlling tendencies of the improvement of quantitative and qualitative parameters of the production and economic activity of the agro-industrial complex enterprises. However theoretical and methodological aspects of the economic analysis in the sphere of the investment and innovative model of the agrarian economy development are scattered. These aspects are isolated components in different spheres of analytical researches. As a result it is quite important to define tasks of economic analysis in conditions of the investment and innovative model of the agrarian economy development. The aim of the article is to prove tasks of an economic analysis, which correspond to conditions of the investment and innovative model of the agrarian economy. This article considers questions of economic analysis, which give an opportunity to diagnose and control tendencies of the improvement of qualitative and quantitative parameters of the economic activity of the agro-industrial complex enterprises. It is proved that tasks of the economic analysis in conditions of the investment and innovative model of the economy development must be improved. The tasks of the investment and innovative analysis of development as a subsystem of management and its place in the system of the economic activity management of economic entities are formulated and proved.
  • Investment, innovative development, economic analysis, agrarian economy, management.

Putra N.A., Triyuwono I., Ludigdo U.

  • DECONSTRUCTION OF FINANCIAL REPORT PURPOSES BASED ON INDONESIAN ECONOMIC SYSTEM: MOHAMMAD HATTA’S DEMOCRATIC ECONOMIC PERSPECTIVE; pp. 217-230
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.30

Abstract and key words:

  • This study intends to make alternative forms concept of financial reporting purposes. Forms of new financial reporting purposes are deconstructed  according democration economic (Indonesian’s economy system). The research method used is qualitative with  postmodernism as paradigm and deconstruction as a method . In making the construct, researchers extract Mohammad Hatta's thoughts and get three values. The values found are unity, government role, and divinity. This study produces a form of financial reporting that presents financial information with the aim of providing a sense of unity that accommodates the information needs of economic policy and means of worshiping to God for entities, workers, government, and investors.
  • Financial reporting, accounting, capitalism, democration economic, deconstruction.

Murodah C., Sediono, Ana E.

  • INFLATION FORECAST IN INDONESIA: EXPENDITURE GROUPS OF HOUSING, WATER, ELECTRICITY, GAS, AND FUEL USING TIME SERIES ANALYSIS APPROACH; pp. 231-238
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.31

Abstract and key words:

  • Inflation stability is a prerequisite for sustainable economic growth. Appropriate information that can be used to manage and control the inflation rate is future inflation prediction. Expenditure groups of housing, water, electricity, gas and fuel have major commodities which have strong influence on inflation spike, so that it is necessary to give more attention in the inflation rate management for those expenditure groups. The aim of this research is to perform inflation model and forecast using time series analysis approach. The data used in this research are Indonesian’s monthly inflation data for the expenditure groups of housing, water, electricity, gas and fuel which are taken from BPS Indonesia.
  • Inflation, time series, ARIMA, MSE.

Coker A.A.A., Jirgi A.J., Mohammed U.S., Adebayo C.O., Tuedogheye J.

  • FINANCIAL AND ECONOMIC APPRAISAL OF IRRIGATED RICE ENTERPRISE: CAPITAL BUDGETING APPROACH; pp. 239-245
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.32

Abstract and key words:

  • The need to ensure the viability and sustainability of agricultural investments in Nigeria, particularly in Niger State, juxtaposed with the national agricultural policy goal of food security attainment, demands that proposed agricultural investments are well appraised and designed. This article therefore determined the financial and economic viability and sustainability of irrigated rice enterprise in Kawo Irrigation Site in Kotangora, Niger State, Nigeria. The methodology was based on the economic theory of utility maximization cum profit motive. To achieve these objectives, the capital budgeting tools of discounted cash flow, net present value, financial and economic internal rate of returns were used. The results showed that the estimated NPVs were positive, while the IRR were higher than the opportunity cost of capital under the two scenarios considered; implying that irrigated rice enterprise will be financially viable to enhance the net returns to farmers, while generating positive externalities to the agriculture sector of Niger State and Nigeria in general. The sensitive analysis revealed that the financial and economic internal rate of returns were more sensitive to changes in irrigated rice yields under both scenarios analysed. The study concluded that irrigated rice production will be financially and economically profitable and sustainable in the site and thus, recommended investment on irrigated rice intensification, premised on the adoption of improved agricultural inputs and associated technologies.
  • Agricultural investment, financial and economic viabilities, discounted cash flow, net present value, financial internal rate of return, economic internal rate of return, rice, food security.

Alizhonova B.I.K., Korneyko O.V.

  • FEATURES OF TRADE POLICY INSTRUMENTS’ APPLICATION FOR ENSURING FOOD SECURITY IN RUSSIA; pp. 246-248
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.33

Abstract and key words:

  • The problem of providing the population with varied food supplies in a fair number and quality does not lose its topicality during several decades. In Russia there are contradictions between liability solution of a problem of food supply security and insufficiently effective application of trade policy tools, on the one hand, and also dynamic application of policy import substitution as basic mechanism for providing an internal market with the food supplies and existence of banning on application of limiting and discriminating measures as part of WTO, on the other hand. These contradictions have caused a problem of investigation: how the tools of trade policy used by Russia in aid of implementation food security are much effective? In the article the indispensability and possibility of creation effective system of trade policy tools in aid of providing food security of the Russian Federation by integration global, national and regional measures of regulation the food supplies market is proved.
  • Economic security, trade policy, tariff, regulation, WTO.

Gomilevskaya G.A., Kononov A.Y.

  • PROSPECTS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF SINO-RUSSIAN CROSS-BORDER COOPERATION IN TOURISM; pp. 249-253
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.34

Abstract and key words:

  • The article provides the analysis of cross-border tourism formation in the context of Sino-Russian cooperation. The causes of the tourist demand growth get determined, based on the analysis of tourist flows dynamics between Russia and China. The article uncovers preconditions for the development of cross-border tourism in Primorsky Krai, which include well-developed tourist infrastructure attractive for Chinese tourists and recreational resources, and the well-shaped regulatory framework, which reduces visa and border barriers. Based on a comprehensive study identified priority directions for the development of cross-border tourism in Primorky Territory.
  • Cross-border tourism, international cooperation, inbound tourism market, tourist flows, tourism objects, Russia, China.

Krasova E.V., Ma Y.

  • METHODS OF ESTIMATION OF HUMAN CAPITAL’S VALUE IN LABOR-INTENSIVE INDUSTRIES: A STUDY ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE PRIMORSKAYA AGRICULTURAL TRADE COMPANY, RUSSIA; pp. 254-259
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.35

Abstract and key words:

  • Estimation of human capital’s value now is one of the most popular and widely discussed directions of research in Russian science at any level. This direction has great theoretical and practical significance. Both scientists and practical specialists are interested in the quantitative and qualitative characteristics of human capital in order to effectively use labor resources in economic activity. The main scientific and practical problem of the article is the absence of an exclusive method for estimating the value of human capital in enterprises and the weak approbation of these methods in practice. The purpose of the article is to review the existing methods for estimating the human capital’s value in labor-intensive industries and to test some methods on the example of one of the Far Eastern enterprises – the Primorskaya Agricultural Trade Company, Ltd, located in Vladivostok, Russia. The methodological basis of the study is the theses of the modern theory of production and costs, the concept of human capital, as well as the traditional financial analysis of economic activities of enterprises. The authors justify the urgency of estimating the human capital’s value of enterprises, choose the most acceptable methods for calculating the human capital’s value, and test their choice on the example of the Primorskaya Agricultural Trade Co., Ltd. Among the selected methods for practical calculation is the cost method, the income method by V. Allaverdyan and income method by G.N. Tuguskina. After the calculations, the authors conclude that the income method gives the greatest value of human capital’s value of the enterprise, because it includes a significant internal (professional and educational) potential of workers.
  • Human capital, enterprise, labor-intensive industries, cost method, income method, labor potential, human resources.

Sani R., Arifin Z., Abdillah Y.

  • SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT OF IMPORTED FROZEN BEEF: AN ALTERNATIVE TO INTEGRATE WITH LOCAL BEEF SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT; pp. 260-267
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.36

Abstract and key words:

  • The purpose of this study is to describe the supply chain management of imported frozen beef from Australia to Indonesia; to analyze where the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats for the frozen meat distributor, and what strategy should be chosen; and to analyze alternatives of cooperation between imported frozen beef distribution with local beef distribution chain. The research approach is qualitative, and the research strategy is a case study. This research was conducted in Jakarta, data collecting technique by interview method and literature study. Data analysis techniques use supply chain management (SCM) and strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT) analysis. The results show that the distribution chain management of imported frozen beef needs to tripartite cooperation with government and local beef distributors to conduct joint marketing of imported frozen beef and cooler procurement to the point of retailers in traditional markets; expanding the market share of imported frozen beef to industrial segments (hotels, restaurant, catering company; and meat processing factories); and cooperate with imported beef suppliers to overcome the problem of taste flavor and lack of weight of imported frozen meat, and clarify halal certification.
  • Imported frozen beef distributor, local beef distributor, supply chain management, SWOT analysis.

Susilo E., Purwanti P., Fattah M.

  • ANALYSIS ON ECONOMICAL AND ECOLOGICAL POTENTIAL BENEFITS OF ARTIFICIAL CORAL REEFS PLANTING ACTIVITIES; pp. 268-273
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.37

Abstract and key words:

  • Conversion activities of mangrove forest area into plantation area at Damas Beach has caused sedimentational effect on the coral reefs and the increasing ecosystem damages in the coral reefs ecosystem, which in turn will affect on the decreasing yields of fishermen. This condition has caused vulnerability to the decline of fish resources as the ecosystem has been damaged. The alternative through planting the artificial coral reefs is one way to improve the ecosystem of the damaged coral reefs. This study analyzes the economic and ecological benefits of coral reef reforestation. Based on the results of the analysis, it was obtained that the artificial coral reefs of 9 sq. m. with a length of 8.3 m has been assumed to produce direct benefits in the form of ornamental fish production, while the indirect benefits are as living fish habitat, coastal protection and carbon sinks with the total economic value of IDR 4,580,344.18 per year.
  • Community behavior, business development, artificial coral reefs, Prigi gulf.

Rodionov A.V., Shashlo N.V.

  • DIRECTIONS FOR INCREASING OF AGRO-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX’S ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY IN THE CONDITIONS OF RUSSIAN FAR EAST MARITIME REGION; pp. 274-280
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.38

Abstract and key words:

  • The theoretical and practical basis of the effectiveness of the functioning of agro-industrial complex business entities of the Russian Far East maritime region presented in the article. It is proved that the growth of the Russian economy requires the development of agrarian production on an intensive basis, which will ensure food security. The negative consequences of the intensification of agricultural production, based on the maximization of income and the transition to the cultivation of highly profitable monocultures, were revealed.
  • Agribusiness, agro-industrial complex, agrarian sector, plant growing, livestock farming, agro-industrial enterprise, economic efficiency.

Suswandi P.E.

  • VALUE ADDED ANALYSIS ON PINDANG TUNA FISH BUSINESS IN PUGER DISTRICT OF JEMBER CITY; pp. 281-287
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.39

Abstract and key words:

  • The business of pindang tuna fishing is classified as traditional industry which is labor intensive. This industry has characteristics cultivated by small entrepreneurs, simple production techniques, and management handled by the family. Based on the above fact, this study aims to find the amount of value added to pindang tuna fish business in Puger District of Jember City, Indonesia. Data collection method was done by census method to all pindang tuna fish entrepreneurs who are still actively doing the activity at the time of this research. At the time of this study there were 35 fishing entrepreneurs still operating. The required data include the sale value of pindang tuna fish, the price of fresh tuna fish, the cost of auxiliary materials for making pindang tuna fish, the amount of production, the amount of working capital and the number of production equipment used in the process of pindang tuna fish. The result of value added analysis that by processing the tuna fish into pindang tuna fish was more profitable than the direct sale of fresh tuna fish. The reason is to process the fish first into the pindang fish will create value added in the form of capital gains plus the wages of labor.
  • Value added, pindang tuna fish, working capital, price.

Rossarie D., Darmanto Y.S., Swastawati F.

  • QUALITY IDENTIFICATION OF SKIPJACK TUNA (KATSUWONUS PELAMIS) CAUGHT USING POLE-AND-LINE VESSELS IN SORONG CITY; pp. 288-293
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.40

Abstract and key words:

  • Fish handling on vessels plays an important role in the quality of skipjack tuna. The purpose of this study was to identify the quality of pole-and-line caught skipjack tuna. The study was conducted using a descriptive method and purposive sampling, taking a sample of 3 vessels. An analysis was conducted through organoleptic, microbiological, and chemical (histamine) tests. Data were analyzed by descriptive, qualitative and quantitative displays via tables and graphics. The results of organoleptic, microbiological and chemical tests showed that skipjack tuna caught by pole-and-line vessels were still suitable to be consumed.
  • Skipjack tuna, pole, line, Sorong.

Walinono A.R., Marsoedi, Tjahjono A., Semedi B.

  • ANALYSIS OF WATER QUALITY PARAMETERS FOR SEAWEED (EUCHEUMA COTTONII) FARMING SITE SUITABILITY IN MANDAR BAY, WEST SULAWESI, INDONESIA; pp. 294-298
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.41

Abstract and key words:

  • This study aims to analyze the water quality parameters for seaweed (Eucheuma cottonii) farming. The study was conducted in water areas of Mandar Bay for 3 months. Water quality samples were analyzed in the water quality laboratory of Politeknik Pertanian Negeri Pangkajene Kepulauan, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. The method used was explorative research by using survey method and direct measurement field. Determination of stations used GPS. The data obtained were analyzed according to environmental parameters to determine the site suitability with Geographic Information System approach. Six water quality parameters which did not meet the requirements for seaweed farming business, i.e. current velocity, dissolved oxygen, BOD, COD, Nitrate and phosphate were found. The total water areas of Polewali Mandar Subdistrict were 1.252.66 ha, the site with highly suitable rate was 65.39 ha and the site with marginally suitable rate was 1.187.27 ha. Based on the village area, Polewali village had highly suitable site of 13.16 ha and marginally suitable site of 231.89 ha, Wattang village had no highly suitable site of 0 ha and marginally suitable site of 126.22 ha, Lantora village had highly suitable site of 11.30 ha and marginally suitable site of 142.12 ha, Takatidung village had highly suitable site of 39.85 ha and marginally suitable site of 142.23 ha and Manding sub-district had highly suitable site of 1.08 ha and marginally suitable site of 34481 ha.
  • GIS, land suitability, Eucheuma cottonii seaweed, physical ans chemical conditions.

Rahman M.H., Haque M.M., Paul M., Hossain M.M., Hasan M.R.

  • LIFE OF THE RIVERINE FISHERMEN: PRESENT STATUS OF LIVELIHOOD STRATEGIES AND ECONOMIC CONDITIONS AT PAYRA RIVER, BANGLADESH; pp. 299-306
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.42

Abstract and key words:

  • A study was conducted to find out the livelihood condition of Payra River, located at the Angaria union of Dumki upazila under the district of Patuakhali for twelve months from July, 2012 to June, 2013. In the present study, it was found that highest percentage (40%) of the fishermen is young (21 to 31 years) where about 92% of the fishermen used boat for fishing. By religion, 46% fishermen are Muslims and majority (54%) fishermen are Hindus. In terms of education, 50% had education up to primary level, 12% of fishermen in secondary level, 4% fishermen had education up to SSC level and 6% had no education. About 54% of the fishermen are dependent on upazila health complex for health facilities. Maximum housing condition of the fishermen are Earthen made (52%), 44% are Tin shed building and only 4% are fully furnished cemented building. Service and labor are the main occupation of 4% fishermen. Majority (80%) of fishermen main income source is fishing and among them 54% of the fishermen had 1 to 10 decimal homestead lands and majority (72%) of the fishermen had no agricultural land. In case of other occupation 28% fishermen are involved in agriculture as other occupation, 40% fishermen in day laborer, 8% fishermen in business and 2% fishermen in service. The average monthly income was found to be Tk. 15000 when agriculture is the main occupation. When fishing is the main occupation the monthly income is Tk. 10410. It has been observed that 54% fishermen have training on one or more than one related matter, 46% have no training. So from this study, we can conclude that the livelihood statuses of the riverine fishermen of Payra River were not satisfactory and the fishermen were deprived of many amenities.
  • Payra River, livelihood strategies, riverine fishermen, economic conditions.

Hilmawan A., Marsoedi, Susilo E., Rudianto

  • LOCAL CUSTOM VALUES AS NORTH LOMBOK COASTAL AREA MANAGEMENT; pp. 307-311
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.43

Abstract and key words:

  • The Indonesian traditional local custom known as the Ulayat is a local community right to manage certain surrounded land or water for marine natural resources management. There is recognition that the existence of customary law in Indonesia, especially concerning the fisheries and marine resources management system, is of the important and strategic value of the national effort to support sustainable marine and fisheries resources management. The aims of this research are: to identify the perceptions and aspirations of society toward Local Custom values and the adherence to the prevailing traditional/customary law, and to identify the extent to which opportunities for Local Custom values empowerment can be preserved and utilized in managing the coastal areas in North Lombok. This research uses a case study method (Yin, 2011) and qualitative analysis method. The sampling method is being collected purposively. The research results showed that the perceptions and aspirations of society toward the Local Custom values (called awig-awig) is still very strong and is still being practiced. Society tends to be more convinced that the law enforcement using customary law is more effective and has a strong deterrent effect because there are clear sanctions and prohibitions. It is due in part to distrust of the formal law, which seems arbitrary in pursuing any prosecution. The Local Custom, tradition, and customary law, as well as traditional institutions in North Lombok Regency, have an opportunity to be preserved and further developed by implementing awig-awig.
  • Local custom value, awig-awig, coastal area, management.

Komissarova V.V.

  • PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF THE SHIPBUILDING AND SHIP REPAIR INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT IN THE RUSSIAN FAR EAST: THE HISTORICAL ASPECT; pp. 312-319
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.44

Abstract and key words:

  • The article is devoted to the analysis of problems and prospects for the shipbuilding and ship repair industries development in the Far Eastern Federal District, in general, and Primorsky Krai, in particular. Quality of shipbuilding development reflects scientific and technical development level of the country. During all historical periods the shipbuilding of Russia depended on foreign technologies and ship equipment import. Since the beginning of the industry the state has been the large owner of assets, defining a strategy of development and carrying out the control functions. In pre-revolutionary Russia private shipbuilding companies had been founded with participation of banking capital including foreign capital. During the Soviet period the state administration reforms had been mainly directed on changing of institutional subordination of the industry enterprises. Science the beginning of 90-s the governance system destruction led to crisis in the industry. So, between ship repair and the shipbuilding industry, production and information communications are not developed. This fact constrains the structure improvement of these industries, the joint development of their specialization and cooperation. The science serving shipbuilding and ship repair is also disunited - the scientific forces of the shipbuilding industry in the region were organized within their industry and have weak links with the corresponding repair organizations. Within the last several years the new governmental paradigm in the industry is being created. Today, there are a number of problems in the industry that require government intervention and private investment.
  • Shipbuilding, ship repair industries, gross regional product (GRP), international competition, centralized planning, support measures, world market.

Supriyanto A., Zuhran M., Purbiati T.

  • EFFECTIVENESS OF HUANGLONGBING VECTOR (DIAPHORINA CITRI KUWAYAMA) CONTROL IN CITRUS GROWER GROUP BASED IN SAMBAS REGENCY OF WEST KALIMANTAN, INDONESIA; pp. 320-326
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.45

Abstract and key words:

  • The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of Huanglongbing vector control based on Citrus Grower Group recommendation. Studies have been carried out in 2010 in Tebas Sungai village, Sambas district, with 11 tangerine groves owned by growers in the Citrus grower Association of Sambas district. The tangerine grove that been used are, one grower's orchard as a demonstration plot in a particular citrus grower group (orchard I); five other citrus orchards with different ownership at the same citrus grower Group (orchard II), as well as five other citrus orchard with different ownership which each of them spreads over five different citrus grower groups outside the farm demonstration plots (orchard III). The recommendation technology for controlling Huanglongbing vector which applied in this experiment, included bark painting by systemic insecticide of imidacloprid for two each 1.5-month and spray using contact insecticide with dimethoate to the plant crown which application time been alternated after bark painting application. The effectiveness of technology implementation is measured by a decrease psyllid populations found in citrus samples in adult stage, nymphs and eggs that were observed at regular intervals every two weeks during the flushing to the 14th week after the first treatment. The results showed that recommended treatment technology were absolutely proven to reduce Huanglongbing vector population in significant, namely in the orchard I, II, and III respectively at 95.3%, 84.7%, and 72% for stage adult; 97.3 %, 80%, and 100% for stage nymphs; and 98.5%, 100% and 100% for the egg stage.
  • Citrus, Huanglongbing, control, citrus grower group.

Triwiratno A., Wuryantini S., Agustina D.

  • POTENTIAL ENTOMOPATHOGENIC FUNGI TO CONTROL SCALE INSECT PEST ON CITRUS TANGERINE (CITRUS SUHUIENSIS TAN.); pp. 327-335
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.46

Abstract and key words:

  • Achiving of food self-sufficiency can be done by using of local potential that is by agribusiness in Indonesia. One potential locally owned citrus agribusiness was the use of entomopathogenic fungi to improve the productivity of citrus. Reports showed decrease in productivity due to infestation of scale insect. The experiment was conducted at the Integrated Laboratory of Indonesian Citrus and Subtropical Fruit Research Institute in October 2013 to October 2014. The study began with a survey for scale insect infestation on citrus crops in high land, medium land and low in dry and rainy seasons. Taken from a collection of entomopathogenic fungi associated with scale insect in the field. Collection of fungi isolated from single conidia and its ability to infect selected scale insect. Entomopathogenic fungi were further tested for the viability and pathogenicity against scale insect. The results showed that the sclae insects attacked citrus were types of L.beckii and A.Aurantii. The highest attack occurred at low land during the dry season by L.beckii with population of 4.2 heads increased to 5.5 individuals per 10 cm in the rainy season. Viability test results showed that the isolates had viability above 50% were SKB4K, SKD1K and SBB3K for 73.6, 61.6 and 53% respectively, which were collected during the dry season. While isolates obtained in the rainy season were SBWD2H and SBWD3BH, each with aviability of 77.3 and 78.3% respectively. Pathogenicity test results showed that there were 6 isolates known to have potential as entomopathogenic fungi for controlling scale insect, namely, SBWB2H, SBWD2H, SBWD3BH, SKD1K, SBWD1K and SBB3K which had pathogenicity over 50% up to 14 days.
  • Citrus, scale insect, enthomopathogen fungi, viability, pathogenicity.

Wahib M.A., Chalimatus S., Hardana E.A.

  • FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE OF SUPPLY AND DEMAND OF CRYSTAL SUGAR IN INDONESIA; pp. 336-343
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.47

Abstract and key words:

  • The purposes of this research were to analyze the factors affecting supply and demand of crystal sugar, and the elasticity of supply and demand of crystal sugar. The results showed that the productivity of sugar cane has a value (R2) of 0,309. The interest rate, wage, and fertilizer price were significantly influenced to sugarcane productivity and negative value. Land area has a value (R2) of 0,511. The price of sugarcane has a significant effect on the land area and positive value. Sugar productivity has a value (R2) of 0,209. Quantity of sugar cane production has significantly affected the land area and positive value. The demand for sugar has a value (R2) of 0.702. The sugar price and demand of the previous year had a significant and negative effect on sugar prices and positive for sugar demand for the previous year. Domestic sugar price has a value (R2) of 0,844. World sugar price, nominal rate of protection, exchange rate significantly influences sugar price and positive. The import of sugar in Indonesia is worth (R2) of 0,846. Sugar imports in the previous year had a significant effect on sugar prices and positive. Domestic sugar demand and nominal rate of protection were an elastic level of 2,279 and 1,273.
  • Forcasting, import, crystal sugar, demand sugar, Indonesia.

Ovchinnikov A.S., Podkovyrov I.Y., Dolgova A.I.

  • INFLUENCE OF ZEOLITES ON THE PHYSIOLOGICAL PROCESSES IN TISSUES OF PLANT REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS; pp. 344-348
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.48

Abstract and key words:

  • The stabilizing effect of zeolite on the pH and EC indices of soils for growing tomato has been revealed in this study. A close relationship (0.75-0.91) between the electrical conductivity of aqueous extract from zeolite and germination in laboratory, the germination energy, the growth activity of root tissues in the early stages of ontogeny was established. Spraying with zeolite nanoparticles reduces the water deficiency in the epidermis and the loss of fruit water (by 35%), which improves their commercial quality during storage. Suppression of pathogenic microflora causing fruits rot is noted at level of 48 to 75%.
  • Zeolite, growth processes, water deficiency, plant tissues, tomato, reproductive organs.

Aksenova O.I., Alekseev G.V., Krivopustov V.V., Yakovlev P.C., Lobacheva N.N., Derkanosova A.A.

  • FROM TRADITIONAL RECIPES TO BIOLOGICALLY COMPLETE FOOD PRODUCTS: REVIEW ON SNACKS EXTRUSION; pp. 349-353
  • Language of article: English
  • Crossref DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-12.49

Abstract and key words:

  • One of the trends in the food market development is the increasing consumption of light, complete foods, convenient as fast food or snack foods. On the one hand, this trend is associated with the healthy lifestyle popularization, and on the other hand, with the accelerated pace of modern society life. Thus, the energetic value of snack foods (snacks) is gradually replaced by requirements to their biological value. A highly efficient extrusion process allows producing biologically completed snacks with the consumer attractive properties.
  • Extrusion, snack products, process parameters, biological value, expanded snacks.

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