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RJOAS: Russian Journal of Agricultural and Socio-Economic Sciences

ISSN 2226-1184 (Online)

RJOAS is awarded the DOAJ Seal of Approval for Open Access Journals!

ISSUE 1(1), January 2012

Pages 3-6

Title
COMPUTER-AIDED DESIGN ELEMENTS OF PRECISION FARMING SYSTEMS BASED ON THE PRINCIPLES BIOLOGIZATION, RESOURCE AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY

Author(s)
V. Lobkov, S. Plygun

Organization(s)
Orel State Agrarian University, Orel City, Russia

Key Words
Automation; Agriculture system; Biologization; Ecological safety; Precision agriculture.

Abstract
Development of practical methods of computer-aided design elements of precision farming systems on the basis of biological function, resource and environmental security for the producers of different specialization, ownership and financial security is the actual direction of development of modern agricultural science. Proposed development, which may serve as a basic programming model, allowing for expanded reproduction of soil fertility through the use of new ways to maximize the amount of phytomass in the agricultural lands, increase soil biological activity and reduce the costs of manufacturing nitrogen on yield formation of crops.

CrossRef DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.18551/rjoas.2012-01.01

Pages 7-11

Title
INFLUENCE OF MESOFORMS OF A RELIEF ON AGROPHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF SOIL OF CHERNOZEM ORDINARY IN THE CONDITIONS OF ORENBURG PREDURALJE

Author(s)
A. Solovykh, V. Lukjantsev, S. Dushkin, G. Sudarenkov

Organization(s)
Orenburg State Agrarian University, Orenburg, Russia

Key Words
Relief mesoforms; Chernozem ordinary; Humidity of soil; Agrophysical properties of soil; Spring wheat.

Abstract
It is established that in the conditions of Orenburg Preduralje before planting spring wheat crops the best indicators on humidifying and structurally-modular structure of chernozem ordinary were on the average observed in a beam, on northern slope and watershed, and the worst - on a southern slope, however the tendency in spatial change of favorable indicators of porosity of soil and in time was opposite.

CrossRef DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.18551/rjoas.2012-01.02

Pages 12-18

Title
ECONOMIC ESTIMATION OF REALIZATION OF TECHNICAL POTENTIAL OF THE ORYOL REGION AGRICULTURE

Author(s)
N. Lisjutchenko*, A. Polukhin**

Organization(s)
* Open Joint-Stock Company "Oryol social bank", Orel City, Russia
** All-Russia Scientific Research Institute of Rural Economics, Moscow, Russia

Key Words
Agriculture; Technical equipment; Competition; Comparative characteristic; Productivity of combines and tractors; Agricultural machinery market; Economic estimation; Potential realization.

Abstract
In the scientific literature often there is an opinion on sharp decrease in technical potential of agriculture. At the same time the market offers technics with qualitative characteristics, is considerable different from technics of the previous generation. In the present article the analysis of technical equipment of agriculture of the Oryol region is presented. Authors spend an estimation of tendencies of updating of park of agricultural machinery, its age structure is analysed. Competitive advantages of various kinds of technics are considered. The economic estimation of realisation of technical potential of agriculture of the Oryol region is given.

CrossRef DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.18551/rjoas.2012-01.03

Pages 19-23

Title
PRESENT STATE AND PROBLEMS OF FORMING AN EFFECTIVE GRAIN MARKET

Author(s)
A. Tsvyrko

Organization(s)
Orel State Agrarian University, Orel City, Russia

Key Words
Grain production; the Russian Grain Union; Market; Produce; Target indicators; Government policy.

Abstract
The article deals with current issues of forming a highly grain market. Statistical data reflecting the current state of the problem. Based on studies of the current state of the grain market highlighted the main target indicators defined the conditions for achieving the projected performance of the grain market and its products and recommendations for further development and growth of grain production capacity in Russia.

CrossRef DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.18551/rjoas.2012-01.04

Pages 24-30

Title
THE LOGIC OF THE FORMATION OF ACCOUNTING POLICY FOR ACCOUNTING AND COST ANALYSIS

Author(s)
O. Fedotenkova

Organization(s)
Orel State Agrarian University, Orel City, Russia

Key Words
Accounting policies; Costs; Expenses; Accounting; Financial accounting; Managerial accounting; Organization elevator complex; Orel region.

Abstract
The article devoted to the consideration of the factors influencing the formation of accounting policy organizations elevator complex. The model of formation of a registration policy for cost management in the given organizations is offered. In addition, considered congruent communicative interaction of financial and management accounting cost accounting.

CrossRef DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.18551/rjoas.2012-01.05

Pages 31-38

Title
THE ORETICAL APPROACHES TO DEFINITIONS "LABOUR POTENTIAL OF THE PERSON", "MANPOWER", "LABOUR"

Author(s)
O. Kudryavtseva

Organization(s)
Tver State Agricultural Academy, Tver, Russia

Key Words
Human labor potential; Manpower; Labor.

Abstract
Based on various scientific approaches to the study of human labor potential, labor, labor force, have been allocated the relevant groups for each economic category.

CrossRef DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.18551/rjoas.2012-01.06

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